Results 2601-2700 of 3450 (3361 ASCL, 89 submitted)

[ascl:2107.027]
KeplerPORTS: Kepler Planet Occurrence Rate Tools

KeplerPORTS calculates the detection efficiency of the DR25 Kepler Pipeline. It uses a detection contour model to quantify the recoverability of transiting planet signals due to the Kepler pipeline, and accurately portrays the ability of the Kepler pipeline to generate a Threshold Crossing Event (TCE) for a given hypothetical planet.

[ascl:2107.028]
TRINITY: Dark matter halos, galaxies and supermassive black holes empirical model

TRINITY statistically connects dark matter halos, galaxies and supermassive black holes (SMBHs) from z=0-10. Constrained by multiple galaxy (0 < z < 10) and SMBH datasets (0 < z < 6.5), the empirical model finds the posterior probability distributions of the halo-galaxy-SMBH connection and SMBH properties, all of which are allowed to evolve with redshift. TRINITY can predict many observational data, such as galaxy stellar mass functions and quasar luminosity functions, and underlying galaxy and SMBH properties, including SMBH Eddington average Eddington ratios. These predictions are made by different code files. There are basically two types of prediction codes: the first type generates observable data given input redshift or redshift invertals; the second type generates galaxy or SMBH properties as a function of host halo mass and redshift.

[ascl:2107.029]
PHL: Persistent_Homology_LSS

Persistent_Homology_LSS analyzes halo catalogs using persistent homology to constrain cosmological parameters. It implements persistent homology on a point cloud composed of halos positions in a cubic box from N-body simulations of the universe at large scales. The output of the code are persistence diagrams and images that are used to constrain cosmological parameters from the halo catalog.

[ascl:2107.030]
HERMES: High-Energy Radiative MESsengers

The HERMES (High-Energy Radiative MESsengers) computational framework for line of sight integration creates sky maps in the HEALPix-compatibile format of various galactic radiative processes, including Faraday rotation, synchrotron and free-free radio emission, gamma-ray emission from pion-decay, bremsstrahlung and inverse-Compton. The code is written in C++ and provides numerous integrators, including dispersion measure, rotation measure, and Gamma-ray emissions from Dark Matter annihilation, among others.

[submitted]
MALU IFS visualisation tool

MALU visualizes integral field spectroscopy (IFS) data such as CALIFA, MANGA, SAMI or MUSE data producing fully interactive plots. The tool is not specific to any instrument. It is available in Python and no installation is required.

[ascl:2108.001]
HRK: HII Region Kinematics

Generate simulated radio recombination line observations of HII regions with various internal kinematic structure. Fit single Gaussians to each pixel of the simulated observations and generate images of the fitted Gaussian center and full-width half-maximum (FWHM) linewidth.

[submitted]
spectrogrism

This module implements an ad-hoc grism-based spectrograph optical model. It provides a flexible chromatic mapping between the input focal plane and the output detector plane, based on an effective simplified ray-tracing model of the key optical elements defining the spectrograph (collimator, prism, grating, camera), described by a restricted number of physically-motivated distortion parameters.

[ascl:2108.002]
AUM: A Unified Modeling scheme for galaxy abundance, galaxy clustering and galaxy-galaxy lensing

AUM predicts galaxy abundances, their clustering, and the galaxy-galaxy lensing signal, given the halo occupation distribution of galaxies and the underlying cosmological model. In combination with the measurements of the clustering, abundance, and lensing of galaxies, these routines can be used to perform cosmological parameter inference.

[ascl:2108.003]
MAPS: Multi-frequency Angular Power Spectrum estimator

MAPS (Multi-frequency Angular Power Spectrum) extracts two-point statistical information from Epoch of Reionization (EoR) signals observed in three dimensions, with two directions on the sky and the wavelength (or frequency) constituting the third dimension. Rather than assume that the signal has the same statistical properties in all three directions, as the spherically averaged power spectrum (SAPS) does, MAPS does not make these assumptions, making it more natural for radio interferometric observations than SAPS.

[ascl:2108.004]
WaldoInSky: Anomaly detection algorithms for time-domain astronomy

WaldoInSky finds anomalous astronomical light curves and their analogs. The package contains four methods: an adaptation of the Unsupervised Random Forest for anomaly detection in light curves that operates on the light curve points and their power spectra; two manifold-learning methods (the t-SNE and UMAP) that operate on the DMDT maps (image representations of the light curves), and that can be used to find analog light curves in the low-dimensional representation; and an Isolation Forest method for evaluating approaches of light curve pre-processing, before they are passed to the anomaly detectors. WaldoInSky also contain code for random sparsification of light curves.

[ascl:2108.005]
millennium-tap-query: Python tool to query the Millennium Simulation UWS/TAP client

millennium-tap-query is a simple wrapper for the Python package requests to deal with connections to the Millennium TAP Web Client. With this tool you can perform basic or advanced queries to the Millennium Simulation database and download the data products. millennium-tap-query is similar to the TAP query tool in the German Astrophysical Virtual Observatory (GAVO) VOtables package.

[ascl:2108.006]
viper: Velocity and IP EstimatoR

viper (Velocity and IP EstimatoR) measures differential radial velocities from stellar spectra taken through iodine or other gas cells. It convolves the product of a stellar template and a gas cell spectrum with an instrumental profile. Via least square fitting, it optimizes the parameters of the instrumental profile, the wavelength solution, flux normalization, and the stellar Doppler shift. viper offers various functions to describe the instrumental profile such as Gaussian, super-Gaussian, skewed Gaussian or mixtures of Gaussians. The code is developed for echelle spectra; it can handle data from CES, CRIRES+, KECK, OES, TCES, and UVES, and additional instruments can easily be added. A graphical interface facilitates the work with numerous flexible options.

[ascl:2108.007]
catwoman: Transit modeling Python package for asymmetric light curves

catwoman models asymmetric transit lightcurves. Written in Python, it calculates light curves for any radially symmetric stellar limb darkening law, and where planets are modeled as two semi-circles of different radii. Catwoman is built on the batman library (ascl:1510.002) and uses its integration algorithm.

[ascl:2108.008]
CatBoost: High performance gradient boosting on decision trees library

CatBoost is a machine learning method based on gradient boosting over decision trees and can be used for ranking, classification, regression and other machine learning tasks for Python, R, Java, C++. It supports both numerical and categorical features and computation on CPU and GPU, and is fast and scalable. Visualization tools are also included in CatBoost.

[ascl:2108.009]
caesar-rest: Web service for the caesar source extractor

caesar-rest is a REST-ful web service for astronomical source extraction and classification with the caesar source extractor [ascl:1807.015]. The software is developed in python and consists of containerized microservices, deployable on standalone servers or on a distributed cloud infrastructure. The core component is the REST web application, based on the Flask framework and providing APIs for managing the input data (e.g. data upload/download/removal) and source finding jobs (e.g. submit, get status, get outputs) with different job management systems (Kubernetes, Slurm, Celery). Additional services (AAI, user DB, log storage, job monitor, accounting) enable the user authentication, the storage and retrieval of user data and job information, the monitoring of submitted jobs, and the aggregation of service logs and user data/job stats.

[ascl:2108.010]
FIREFLY: Chi-squared minimization full spectral fitting code

FIREFLY (Fitting IteRativEly For Likelihood analYsis) derives stellar population properties of stellar systems, whether observed galaxy or star cluster spectra or model spectra from simulations. The code fits combinations of single-burst stellar population models to spectroscopic data following an iterative best-fitting process controlled by the Bayesian Information Criterion without applying priors. Solutions within a statistical cut are retained with their weight, which is arbitrary. No additive or multiplicative polynomia are used to adjust the spectral shape and no regularization is imposed. This fitting freedom allows mapping of the effect of intrinsic spectral energy distribution (SED) degeneracies, such as age, metallicity, dust reddening on stellar population properties, and quantifying the effect of varying input model components on such properties.

[ascl:2108.011]
BOSS-Without-Windows: Window-free analysis of the BOSS DR12 power spectrum and bispectrum

BOSS-Without-Windows analyzes Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) DR12 data using quadratic and cubic estimators. It contains analysis codes to estimate unwindowed power spectra and unwindowed bispectra. It also supplies the raw power and bispectrum spectrum measurements of BOSS and 999 Patchy simulations, and contains a utility function to generate the background number density, n(r) from the survey mask and n(z) distribution.

[ascl:2108.012]
NRDD_constraints: Dark Matter interaction with the Standard Model exclusion plot calculator

The NRDD_constraints tool provides simple interpolating functions written in Python that return the most constraining limit on the dark matter-nucleon scattering cross section for a list of non-relativistic effective operators. The package contains four files: the main code, NRDD_constraints.py; a simple driver, NRDD_constraints-example.py; and two data files, NRDD_data1.npy and NRDD_data2.npy

[ascl:2108.013]
AMOEBA: Automated Gaussian decomposition

AMOEBA (Automated Molecular Excitation Bayesian line-fitting Algorithm) employs a Bayesian approach to Gaussian decomposition, resulting in an objective and statistically robust identification of individual clouds along the line-of-sight. It uses the Python implementation of Goodman & Weare's Affine Invariant Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) Ensemble sampler emcee (ascl:1303.002) to sample the posterior probability distribution and numerically evaluate the integrals required to compute the Bayes Factor. Amoeba takes as input a set of OH optical depth spectra and a set of expected brightness temperature spectra that are obtained by measuring the brightness temperature towards the bright background continuum source (the "on-source" observations), and in a pattern surrounding the continuum source (the "off-source" observations). Amoeba can also take as input a set of OH optical depth spectra only, and also allows input of an arbitrary number of spectra to be fit simultaneously.

[ascl:2108.014]
StelNet: Stellar mass and age predictor

StelNet predicts mass and age from absolute luminosity and effective temperature for stars with close to solar metallicity. It uses a Deep Neural Network trained on stellar evolutionary tracks. The underlying model makes no assumption on the evolutionary stage and includes the pre-main sequence phase. A mix of models are trained and bootstrapped to quantify the uncertainty of the model, and data is through all trained models to provide a predictive distribution from which an expectation value and uncertainty level can be estimated.

[ascl:2108.015]
ELISa: Eclipsing binaries Learning Interactive System

ELISa models light curves of close eclipsing binaries. It models surfaces of detached, semi-detached, and over-contact binaries, generates light curves, and generates stellar spots with given longitude, latitude, radius, and temperature. It can also fit radial velocity curves and light curves via the implementation of the non-linear least squares method and also via Markov Chain Monte Carlo method.

[ascl:2108.016]
Chemulator: Thermochemical emulator for hydrodynamical modeling

The neural network-based emulator Chemulator advances the gas temperature and chemical abundances of a single position in an astrophysical gas. It is accurate on a single timestep and stable over many iterations with decreased accuracy, though performs less well at low visual extinctions. The code is useful for applications such as large scale ISM modeling; by retraining the emulator for a given parameter space, Chemulator could also perform more specialized applications such as planetary atmosphere modeling.

[ascl:2108.017]
AutoProf: Automatic Isophotal solutions for galaxy images

AutoProf performs basic and advanced non-parametric galaxy image analysis. The pipeline's design allows for fast startup and easy implementation; the package offers a suite of robust default and optional tools for surface brightness profile extractions and related methods. AUTOPROF is highly extensible and can be adapted for a variety of applications, providing flexibility for exploring new ideas and supporting advanced users.

[ascl:2108.018]
Cosmic-CoNN: Cosmic ray detection toolkit

Cosmic-CoNN detects cosmic rays (CR) in CCD-captured astronomical images. It offers a PyTorch deep-learning framework to train generic, robust CR detection models for ground- and space-based imaging data as well as spectroscopic observations. Cosmic-CoNN also includes a suite of tools, including console commands, a web app, and Python APIs, to make deep-learning models easily accessible.

[ascl:2108.019]
PIPS: Period detection and Identification Pipeline Suite

Murakami, Yukei S.; Jennings, Connor; Hoffman, Andrew M.; Sunseri, James; Baer-Way, Raphael; Stahl, Benjamin E.; Savel, Arjun B.; Altunin, Ivan; Girish, Nachiket; Filippenko, Alexei V.

PIPS analyzes the lightcurves of astronomical objects whose brightness changes periodically. Originally developed to determine the periods of RR Lyrae variable stars, the code offers many features designed for variable star analysis and can obtain period values for almost any type of lightcurve with both speed and accuracy. PIPS determines periods through several different methods, analyzes the morphology of lightcurves via Fourier analysis, estimates the statistical significance of the detected signal, and determines stellar properties based on pre-existing stellar models.

[ascl:2108.020]
DBSP_DRP: DBSP Data Reduction Pipeline

DBSP_DRP reduces data from the Palomar spectrograph DBSP. Built on top of PypeIt (ascl:1911.004), it automates the reduction, fluxing, telluric correction, and combining of the red and blue sides of one night's data. The pipeline also provides several GUIs for easier control of the reduction, with one for selecting which data to reduce, and verifying the correctness of FITS headers in an editable table. Another GUI manually places traces for a sort of manually "forced" spectroscopy with the -m option, and after manually placing traces, manually selects sky regions and tweaks the FWHM of the manual traces.

[ascl:2108.021]
ExoPlaSim: Exoplanet climate simulator

ExoPlaSim extends the PlaSim (ascl:2107.019) 3D general climate model to terrestrial exoplanets. It includes the PlaSim general circulation model and modifications that allow this code to run tidally-locked planets, planets with substantially different surface pressures than Earth, planets orbiting stars with different effective temperatures, super-Earths, and more. ExoPlaSim includes the ability to compute carbon-silicate weathering, dynamic orography through the glacier module (though only accumulation and ablation/evaporation/melting are included; glacial flow and spreading are not), and storm climatology.

[ascl:2108.022]
COSMIC: Compact Object Synthesis and Monte Carlo Investigation Code

Breivik, Katelyn; Coughlin, Scott; Zevin, Michael; Rodriguez, Carl L.; Kremer, Kyle; Ye, Claire S.; Andrews, Jeff J.; Kurkowski, Michael; Digman, Matthew C.; Larson, Shane L.; Rasio, Frederic A.

COSMIC (Compact Object Synthesis and Monte Carlo Investigation Code) generates synthetic populations with an adaptive size based on how the shape of binary parameter distributions change as the number of simulated binaries increases. It implements stellar evolution using SSE (ascl:1303.015) and binary interactions using BSE (ascl:1303.014). COSMIC can also be used to simulate a single binary at a time, a list of multiple binaries, a grid of binaries, or a fixed population size as well as restart binaries at a mid point in their evolution. The code is included in CMC-COSMIC (ascl:2108.023).

[ascl:2108.023]
CMC-COSMIC: Cluster Monte Carlo code

Rodriguez, Carl L.; Weatherford, Newlin C.; Coughlin, Scott C.; Seoane, Pau Amaro; Breivik, Katelyn; Chatterjee, Sourav; Fragione, Giacomo; Kıroğlu, Fulya; Kremer, Kyle; Rui, Nicholas Z; Ye, Claire S.; Zevin, Michael; Rasio, Frederic A.

CMC-COSMIC models dense star clusters using Hénon's method using orbit-averaging collisional stellar dynamics. It includes all the relevant physics for modeling dense spherical star clusters, such as strong dynamical encounters, single and binary stellar evolution, central massive black holes, three-body binary formation, and relativistic dynamics, among others. CMC is parallelized using the Message Passing Interface (MPI), and is pinned to the COSMIC (ascl:2108.022) package for binary population synthesis, which itself was originally based on the version of BSE (ascl:1303.014). COSMIC is currently a submodule within CMC, ensuring that any cluster simulations or binary populations are integrated with the same physics.

[ascl:2108.024]
iminuit: Jupyter-friendly Python interface for C++ MINUIT2

Dembinski, Hans; Ongmongkolkul, Piti; Deil, Christoph; Menéndez Hurtado, David; Schreiner, Henry; Feickert, Matthew; Burr, Chris; Rost, Fabian; Pearce, Alex; Geiger, Lukas; Wiedemann, Bernhard M.; Gorelli, Marco; Zapata, Omar

iminuit is a Jupyter-friendly Python interface for the Minuit2 C++ library maintained by CERN's ROOT team. It can be used as a general robust function minimization method, but is most commonly used for likelihood fits of models to data, and to get model parameter error estimates from likelihood profile analysis.

[ascl:2108.025]
SORA: Stellar Occultation Reduction Analysis

SORA optimally analyzes stellar occultation data. The library includes processes starting on the prediction of such events to the resulting size, shape and position of the Solar System object and can be used to build pipelines to analyze stellar occultation data. A stellar occultation is defined by the occulting body (Body), the occulted star (Star), and the time of the occultation. On the other hand, each observational station (Observer) will be associated with their light curve (LightCurve). SORA has tasks that allow the user to determine the immersion and emersion times and project them to the tangent sky plane, using the information within the Observer, Body and Star Objects. That projection will lead to chords that will be used to obtain the object’s apparent size, shape and position at the moment of the occultation. Automatic processes optimize the reduction of typical events. However, users have full control over the parameters and methods and can make changes in every step of the process.

[submitted]
ScopeSim

An attempt at creating a common pythonic framework for visual and infrared telescope instrument data simulators.

[submitted]
ScopeSim Templates

Templates and helper functions for creating on-sky Source description objects for the ScopeSim instrument data simulation engine.

[submitted]
ScopeSim Instrument Reference Database

A reference database for astronomical instrument and telescope characteristics for all types of visual and infrared systems. Instrument packages are used in conjunction with the ScopeSim instrument data simulator.

[submitted]
AnisoCADO

A python package created around Eric Gendron’s code for analytically (and quickly) generating field-varying SCAO PSFs for the ELT.

[submitted]
Pyckles

A super lightweight interface in Python to load spectra from the Pickles 1998 (stellar) and Brown 2014 (galactic) spectral catalogues

[ascl:2109.001]
gammaALPs: Conversion probability between photons and axions/axionlike particles

gammaALPs calculates the conversion probability between photons and axions/axion-like particles in various astrophysical magnetic fields. Though focused on environments relevant to mixing between gamma rays and ALPs, this suite, written in Python, can also be used for broader applications. The code also implements various models of astrophysical magnetic fields, which can be useful for applications beyond ALP searches.

[ascl:2109.002]
alpconv: Calculating alp-photon conversion

alpconv calculates the alp-photon conversion by calculating the degree of irregularity of the spectrum, in contract to some other methods that fit the source's spectrum with both null and ALP models and then compare the goodness of fit between the two.

[ascl:2109.003]
VOLKS2: VLBI Observation for transient Localization Keen Searcher

Liu, Lei; Xu, Zhijun; Yan, Zhen; Zheng, Weimin; Huang, Yidan; Chen, Zhong; Tong, Fengxian; Zhang, Juan; Tong, Li; Jiang, Wu; Ma, Maoli; Luo, Wentao

The VOLK2 (VLBI Observation for transient Localization Keen Searcher) pipeline conducts single pulse searches and localization in regular VLBI observations as well as single pulse detections from known sources in dedicated observations. In VOLKS2, the search and localization are two independent steps. The search step takes the idea of geodetic VLBI post processing, which fully utilizes the cross spectrum fringe phase information to maximize the signal power. Compared with auto spectrum based method, it is able to extract single pulses from highly RFI contaminated data. The localization uses the geodetic VLBI solving methods, which derives the single pulse location by solving a set of linear equations given the relation between the residual delay and the offset to a priori position.

[ascl:2109.004]
DviSukta: Spherically Averaged Bispectrum calculator

DviSukta calculates the Spherically Averaged Bispectrum (SABS). The code is based on an optimized direct estimation method, is written in C, and is parallelized. DviSukta starts by reading the real space gridded data and performing a 3D Fourier transform of it. Alternatively, it starts by reading the data already in Fourier space. The grid spacing, number of k1 bins, number of n bins, and number of cos(theta) bins need to be specified in the input file.

[ascl:2109.005]
SoFiA 2: An automated, parallel HI source finding pipeline

Westmeier, Tobias; Kitaeff, Slava; Pallot, Dave; Serra, Paolo; van der Hulst, Thijs; Jurek, Russell J.; Elagali, Ahmed; For, Bi-Qing; Kleiner, Dane; Koribalski, Bärbel S.; Lee-Waddell, Karen; Mould, Jeremy R.; Reynolds, Tristan N.; Rhee, Jonghwan; Staveley-Smith, Lister

SoFiA 2 is a fully automated spectral-line source finding pipeline originally intended for the detection of galaxies in large HI data cubes. It is a reimplementation of parts of the original SoFiA pipeline (ascl:1412.001) in the C programming language and uses OpenMP for multithreading, making it substantially faster and more memory-efficient than its predecessor. At its core, SoFiA 2 uses the Smooth + Clip algorithm for source finding which operates by spatially and spectrally smoothing the data on multiple scales and applying a user-defined flux threshold relative to the noise level in each iteration. A wide range of useful preconditioning and post-processing filters is available, including noise normalization, flagging of artifacts and reliability filtering. In addition to global data products and source catalogs in different formats, SoFiA 2 can also generate cutout images and spectra for each individual detection.

[ascl:2109.006]
eMCP: e-MERLIN CASA pipeline

The e-MERLIN CASA Pipeline calibrates and processes data from the e-MERLIN radio interferometer. It works on top of CASA (ascl:1107.013) and can convert, concatenate, prepare, flag and calibrate raw to produce advanced calibrated products for both continuum and spectral line data. The main outputs of the data are calibration tables, calibrated data, assessment plots, preliminary images of target and calibrator sources and a summary weblog. The pipeline provides an easy, ready-to-use toolkit that delivers calibrated data in a consistent, clear, and repeatable way. A parameters file is used to control the pipeline execution, so optimization of the algorithms is straightforward and reproducible. Good quality images are usually obtained with minimum human intervention.

[ascl:2109.007]
SkyCalc_ipy: SkyCalc wrapper for interactive Python

SkyCalc-iPy (SkyCalc for interactive Python) accesses atmospheric emission and transmission data generated by ESO’s SkyCalc tool interactively with Python. This package is based on the command line tool by ESO for accessing spectra on the ESO SkyCalc server.

[ascl:2109.008]
pyia: Python package for working with Gaia data

pyia provides tools for working with Gaia data. It accesses Gaia data columns as Quantity objects, *i.e.*, with units (*e.g.*, data.parallax will have units ‘milliarcsecond’)
, constructs covariance matrices for Gaia data, and generates random samples from the Gaia error distribution per source. pyia can also create SkyCoord objects from Gaia data and execute simple (small) remote queries via the Gaia science archive and automatically fetch the results.

[ascl:2109.009]
pyFFTW: Python wrapper around FFTW

pyFFTW is a pythonic wrapper around FFTW (ascl:1201.015), the speedy FFT library. Both the complex DFT and the real DFT are supported, as well as on arbitrary axes of arbitrary shaped and strided arrays, which makes it almost feature equivalent to standard and real FFT functions of numpy.fft. Additionally, it supports the clongdouble dtype, which numpy.fft does not, and operating FFTW in multithreaded mode.

[ascl:2109.010]
Frankenstein: Flux reconstructor

Frankenstein (frank) fits the 1D radial brightness profile of an interferometric source given a set of visibilities. It uses a Gaussian process that performs the fit in <1 minute for a typical protoplanetary disc continuum dataset. Frankenstein can perform a fit in 2 ways, by running the code directly from the terminal or using the code as a Python module.

[ascl:2109.011]
Rubble: Simulating dust size distributions in protoplanetary disks

Rubble implicitly models the local evolution of dust distributions in size, mass, and surface density by solving the Smoluchowski equation (also known as the coagulation-fragmentation equation) under given disk conditions. The Python package's robustness has been validated by a suite of numerical benchmarks against known analytical and empirical results. Rubble can model prescribed physical processes such as bouncing, modulated mass transfer, regulated dust loss/supply, probabilistic collisional outcomes based on velocity distributions, and more. The package also includes a toolkit for analyzing and visualizing results produced by Rubble.

[ascl:2109.012]
STAR-MELT: STellar AccrRetion Mapping with Emission Line Tomography

Campbell-White, Justy; Sicilia-Aguilar, Aurora; Manara, Carlo F.; Matsumura, Soko; Fang, Min; Frasca, Antonio; Roccatagliata, Veronica

STAR-MELT extracts and identifies emission lines from FITS files by matching to a compiled reference database of lines. Line profiles are fitted and quantified, allowing for calculations of physical properties across each individual observation. Temporal variations in lines can readily be displayed and quantified. STAR-MELT is also useful for different applications of spectral analysis where emission line identification is required. Standard data formats for spectra are automatically compatible, with user-defined custom formats also available. Any reference database (atomic or molecular) can also be used for line identification.

[ascl:2109.013]
WimPyDD: WIMP direct–detection rates predictor

WimPyDD calculates accurate predictions for the expected rates in WIMP direct–detection experiments within the framework of Galilean–invariant non–relativistic effective theory. The object–oriented customizable Python code handles different scenarios including inelastic scattering, WIMP of arbitrary spin, and a generic velocity distribution of WIMP in the Galactic halo.

[ascl:2109.014]
HSS: The Hough Stream Spotter

The Hough Stream Spotter (HSS) is a stream finding code which transforms individual positions of stars to search for linear structure in discrete data sets. The code requires only the two-dimensional plane of galactic longitude and latitude as input.

[ascl:2109.015]
unpopular: Using CPM detrending to obtain TESS light curves

Hattori, Soichiro; Foreman-Mackey, Daniel; Hogg, David W.; Montet, Benjamin T.; Angus, Ruth; Pritchard, T. A.; Curtis, Jason L.; Schölkopf, Bernhard

unpopular is an implementation of the Causal Pixel Model (CPM) de-trending method to obtain TESS Full-Frame Image (FFI) light curves. The code, written in Python, models the systematics in the light curves of individual pixels as a linear combination of light curves from many other distant pixels and removes shared flux variations. unpopular is able to preserve sector-length astrophysical signals, allowing for the extraction of multi-sector light curves from the FFI data.

[ascl:2109.016]
SkyPy: Simulating the astrophysical sky

Amara, Adam; de la Bella, Lucia F.; Birrer, Simon; Bridle, Sarah; Cordero, Juan Pablo; Favole, Ginevra; Harrison, Ian; Harry, Ian W.; Hartley, William G.; Krawczyk, Coleman; Lundgren, Andrew; Nord, Brian; Nuttall, Laura K.; Rollins, Richard P.; Sudek, Philipp; Tam, Sut-Ieng; Tessore, Nicolas; Tolley, Arthur E.; Umetsu, Keiichi; Williamson, Andrew R.; Wolz, Laura

SkyPy simulates the astrophysical sky. It provides functions that sample realizations of sources and their associated properties from probability distributions. Simulation pipelines are constructed from these models, while task scheduling and data dependencies are handled internally. The package's modular design, containing a library of physical and empirical models across a range of observables and a command line script to run end-to-end simulations, allows users to interface with external software.

[ascl:2109.017]
HTOF: Astrometric solutions for Hipparcos and Gaia intermediate data

HTOF parses the intermediate data from Hipparcos and Gaia and fits astrometric solutions to those data. It computes likelihoods and parameter errors in line with the catalog and can reproduce five, seven, and nine (or higher) parameter fits to their astrometry.

[ascl:2109.018]
GLoBES: General Long Baseline Experiment Simulator

GLoBES simulates long baseline neutrino oscillation experiments. The package features full incorporation of correlations and degeneracies in the oscillation parameter space, advanced routines for the treatment of arbitrary systematical errors, and user-defined priors, which allowsn for the inclusion of arbitrary external physical information. Its use of AEDL, the Abstract Experiment Definition Language, provides an easy way to define experimental setups. GLoBES also provides an interface for the simulation of non-standard physics, and offers predefined setups for many experiments, including Superbeams, Beta Beams, Neutrino factories, Reactors, and various detector technologies.

[ascl:2109.019]
SNOwGLoBES: SuperNova Observatories with GLoBES

SNOwGLoBES (SuperNova Observatories with GLoBES) computes interaction rates and distributions of observed quantities for supernova burst neutrinos in common detector materials. The code provides a very simple and fast code and data package for tests of observability of physics signatures in current and future detectors, and for evaluation of relative sensitivities of different detector configurations. The event estimates are made using available cross-sections and parameterized detector responses. Water, argon, scintillator and lead-based configurations are included. The package makes use of GLoBES (ascl:2109.018). SNOwGLoBES is not intended to replace full detector simulations; however output should be useful for many types of studies, and simulation results can be incorporated.

[ascl:2109.020]
SNEWPY: Supernova Neutrino Early Warning Models for Python

Migenda, Jost; Kneller, James P.; O'Connor, Evan; BenZvi, Segev; Uberoi, Navya; Colomer Molla, Marta

SNEWPY uses simulated supernovae data to generate a time series of neutrino spectral fluences at Earth or the total time-integrated spectral fluence. The code can also process generated data through SNOwGLoBES (ascl:2109.019) and collate its output into the observable channels of each detector. Data from core-collapse, thermonuclear, and pair-instability supernovae simulations are included in the package.

[ascl:2109.021]
WeakLensingDeblending: Weak lensing fast simulations and analysis of blended objects

WeakLensingDeblending provides weak lensing fast simulations and analysis for the LSST Dark Energy Science Collaboration. It is used to study the effects of overlapping sources on shear estimation, photometric redshift algorithms, and deblending algorithms. Users can run their own simulations (of LSST and other surveys) or download the galaxy catalog and simulation outputs to use with their own code.

[ascl:2109.022]
ShapeMeasurementFisherFormalism: Fisher Formalism for Weak Lensing

ShapeMeasurementFisherFormalism is used to study Fisher Formalism predictions on galaxy weak lensing for LSST Dark Energy Science Collaboration. It can create predictions with user-defined parameters for one or two galaxies simulated from GalSim (ascl:1402.009).

[ascl:2109.023]
gphist: Cosmological expansion history inference using Gaussian processes

gphist performs Bayesian inference on the cosmological expansion history using Gaussian process priors. It is written in Python and includes driver programs to run inference calculations and plot the results. The code infers the cosmological expansion history using a Gaussian process prior, reads these ouputs, and performs checks to ensure they are indeed compatible. gphist then generates a single combined output file to plot expansion history inferences.

[ascl:2109.024]
BHJet: Semi-analytical black hole jet model

Lucchini, M.; Ceccobello, C.; Markoff, S.; Kini, Y.; Chhotray, A.; Connors, R. M. T.; Crumley, P.; Falcke, H.; Kantzas, D.; Maitra, D.

BHJet models steady-state SEDs of jets launched from accreting black holes. This semi-analytical, multi-zone jet model is applicable across the entire black hole mass scale, from black hole X-ray binaries (both low and high mass) to active galactic nuclei of any class (from low-luminosity AGN to flat spectrum radio quasars). It is designed to be more comparable than other codes to GRMHD simulations and/or RMHD semi-analytical solutions.

[ascl:2109.025]
Menura: Multi-GPU numerical model for space plasma simulation

Menura simulates the interaction between a fully turbulent solar wind and various bodies of the solar system using a novel two-step approach. It is an advanced numerical tool for self-consistent modeling that bridges planetary science and plasma physics. Menura is built around a hybrid Particle-In-Cell solver, treating electrons as a charge-neutralising fluid, and ions as massive particles. It solves iteratively the particles’ dynamics, gathers particle moments at the nodes of a grid, at which the magnetic field is also computed, and then solves the Maxwell equations. This solver uses the popular Current Advance Method (CAM).

[ascl:2109.026]
Varstar Detect: Variable star detection in TESS data

Varstar Detect uses several numerical and statistical methods to filter and interpret the data obtained from TESS. It performs an amplitude test to determine whether a star is variable and if so, provides the characteristics of each star through phenomenological analysis of the lightcurve.

[ascl:2109.027]
OSPREI: Sun-to-Earth (or satellite) CME simulator

OSPREI simulates the Sun-to-Earth (or satellite) behavior of CMEs. It is comprised of three separate models: ForeCAT, ANTEATR, and FIDO. ForeCAT uses the PFSS background to determine the external magnetic forces on a CME; ANTEATR takes the ForeCAT CME and propagates it to the final satellite distance, and outputs the final CME speed (both propagation and expansion), size, and shape (and their profiles with distance) as well as the arrival time and internal thermal and magnetic properties of the CME. FIDO takes the evolved CME from ANTEATR with the position and orientation from ForeCAT and passes the CME over a synthetic spacecraft. The relative location of the spacecraft within the CME determines the in situ magnetic field vector and velocity. It also calculates the Kp index from these values. OSPREI includes tools for creating figures from the results, including histograms, contour plots, and ensemble correlation plots, and new figures can be created using the results object that contains all the simulation data in an easily accessible format.

[ascl:2109.028]
Healpix.jl: Julia-only port of the HEALPix library

Healpix.jl is a Julia-only port of the C/C++/Fortran/Python HEALPix library (ascl:1107.018), which implements a hierarchical pixelization of the sphere in equal-area pixels. Much like the original library, Healpix.jl supports two enumeration schemes for the pixels (RING and NESTED) and implements an optimized computation of the generalized Fourier transform using spherical harmonics, binding libsharp2 (ascl:1402.033). In addition, Healpix.jl provides four additional features: 1.) it fully supports Windows systems, alongside the usual Linux and MAC OS X machines; 2.) it uses Julia's strong typesystem to prevent several bugs related to mismatches in map ordering (*e.g.*, combining a RING map with a NESTED map); 3.) it uses a versatile memory layout so that map bytes can be stored in shared memory objects or on GPUs; and 4.) it implements an elegant and general way to signal missing values in maps.

[ascl:2109.029]
BiPoS1: Dynamical processing of the initial binary star population

BiPoS1 (Binary Population Synthesizer) efficiently calculates binary distribution functions after the dynamical processing of a realistic population of binary stars during the first few Myr in the hosting embedded star cluster. It is particularly useful for generating a realistic birth binary population as an input for N-body simulations of globular clusters. Instead of time-consuming N-body simulations, BiPoS1 uses the stellar dynamical operator, which determines the fraction of surviving binaries depending on the binding energy of the binaries. The stellar dynamical operator depends on the initial star cluster density, as well as the time until the residual gas of the star cluster is expelled. At the time of gas expulsion, the dynamical processing of the binary population is assumed to effectively end due to the expansion of the star cluster related to that event. BiPoS1 has also a galactic-field mode, in order to synthesize the stellar population of a whole galaxy.

[ascl:2109.030]
Snowball: Generalizable atmospheric mass loss calculator

Snowball models atmospheric loss in order to constrain an atmosphere's cumulative impact of historic X-ray and extreme ultraviolet radiation-driven mass loss. The escape model interpolates the BaSTI luminosity evolution grid to the observed mass and luminosity of the host star.

[ascl:2110.001]
JWSTSim: Geometric-Focused JWST Deep Field Image Simulation

JWST_Simulation generates a novel geometric-focused deep field simulation of the expected JWST future deep field image. Galaxies are represented by ellipses with randomly-generated positions and orientations. Three scripts are included: a deterministic simulation, an ensemble simulation, and a more-realistic monochrome image simulation. The following initial conditions can be perturbed in these codes: H0, Ωm, ΩΛ, the dark energy equation of state parameter, the number of unseen galaxies in the Hubble Ultra Deep Field Image (HUDF), the increase in effective radius due to the JWST’s higher sensitivity, the anisotropy of dark energy, and the maximum redshift reached by the JWST. Galaxy number densities are estimated using integration over comoving volume with an integration constant calibrated with the Hubble Ultra Deep Field. A galaxy coverage percentage is calculated for each image to determine the percentage of the background occupied by galaxies.

[ascl:2110.002]
exodetbox: Finding planet-star projected separation extrema and difference in magnitude extrema

Exodetbox provides mathematical methods for calculating the planet-star separation and difference in magnitude extrema as well as when planets have particular planet-star separations or differences in magnitude. The code also projects the 3D Keplerian Orbit into a reparameterized 2D ellipse in the plane of the sky. Exodetbox is implemented in the EXOSIMS modeling software (ascl:1706.010).

[ascl:2110.003]
PSRDADA: Distributed Acquisition and Data Analysis for Radio Astronomy

PSRDADA supports the development of distributed data acquisition and analysis systems; it provides a flexible and well-managed ring buffer in shared memory with a variety of applications for piping data from device to ring buffer and from ring buffer to device. PSRDADA allows more than one data set to be queued in the ring buffer at one time, and data may be recorded in selected bursts using data validity flags. A variety of clients have been implemented that can write data to the ring buffer and read data from it. The primary write clients can be controlled via a simple, text-based socket interface, and read client software exists for writing data to an array of disks, sending data to an array of nodes, or processing the data directly from RAM. At the highest level of control and configuration, scripts launch the PSRDADA configuration across all nodes in the cluster, monitor all relevant processes, configure and control through a web-based interface, interface with observatory scheduling tools, and manage the ownership and archival of project data. It has been used in the implementation of baseband recording and processing instrumentation for radio pulsar astronomy.

[ascl:2110.004]
TULIPS: Tool for Understanding the Lives, Interiors, and Physics of Stars

TULIPS (Tool for Understanding the Lives, Interiors, and Physics of Stars) creates diagrams of the structure and evolution of stars. It creates plots and movies based on output from the MESA stellar evolution code (ascl:1010.083). TULIPS represents stars as circles of varying size and color. The code can also visualize the size and perceived color of stars, their interior mixing and nuclear burning processes, their chemical composition, and can compare different MESA models.

[ascl:2110.005]
TauRunner: Code to propagate tau neutrinos at very high energies

TauRunner propagates ultra-high-energy neutrinos, with a focus on tau neutrinos. Although it was developed for extremely high energy (EeV+) applications, it is able to propagate neutrinos from 1 to 10^16 GeV. Oscillations are not taken into account at the lowest energies, but they become negligible above 1 TeV.

[ascl:2110.006]
ArtPop: Artificial Stellar Populations generator

ArtPop (Artificial Stellar Populations) synthesizes stellar populations and simulates realistic images of stellar systems. The code is modular, making it possible to use each of its functionalities independently or together. ArtPop can build stellar populations independently from generating mock images, as one might want to do when interested only in calculating integrated photometric properties of the population. The code can also generate stellar magnitudes and artificial galaxies, which can be inject into real imaging data.

[ascl:2110.007]
PISCOLA: Python for Intelligent Supernova-COsmology Light-curve Analysis

PISCOLA (Python for Intelligent Supernova-COsmology Light-curve Analysis) fits supernova light curves and corrects them in a few lines of code. It uses Gaussian Processes to estimate rest-frame light curves of transients without needing an underlying light-curve template. The user can add filters, calculates the light-curves parameters, and obtain transmission functions for the observed filters and the Bessell filters. The correction process can be applied with default settings to obtain restframe light curves and light-curve parameters. PISCOLA can plot the SN light curves, filter transmission functions, light-curves fits results, the mangling function for a given phase, and includes several utilities that can, for example, convert fluxes to magnitudes and magnitudes to fluxes, and trim leading and trailing zeros from a 1-D array or sequence.

[ascl:2110.008]
ParSNIP: Parametrization of SuperNova Intrinsic Properties

ParSNIP learns generative models of transient light curves from a large dataset of transient light curves. It is designed to work with light curves in sncosmo format using the lcdata package to handle large datasets. This code can be used for classification of transients, cosmological distance estimation, and identifying novel transients.

[ascl:2110.009]
Quokka: Two-moment AMR radiation hydrodynamics on GPUs for astrophysics

Quokka is a two-moment radiation hydrodynamics code that uses the piecewise-parabolic method, with AMR and subcycling in time. It runs on CPUs (MPI+vectorized) or NVIDIA GPUs (MPI+CUDA) with a single-source codebase. The hydrodynamics solver is an unsplit method, using the piecewise parabolic method for reconstruction in the primitive variables, the HLLC Riemann solver for flux computations, and a method-of-lines formulation for the time integration. The order of reconstruction is reduced in zones where shocks are detected in order to suppress spurious oscillations in strong shocks. Quokka's radiation hydrodynamics formulation is based on the mixed-frame moment equations. The radiation subsystem is coupled to the hydrodynamic subsystem via operator splitting, with the hydrodynamic update computed first, followed by the radiation update, with the latter update including the source terms corresponding to the radiation four-force applied to both the radiation and hydrodynamic variables. A method-of-lines formulation is also used for the time integration, with the time integration done by the same integrator chosen for the hydrodynamic subsystem.

[ascl:2110.010]
BASTA: BAyesian STellar Algorithm

Aguirre Børsen-Koch, Víctor; Rørsted, Jakob Lysgaard; Winther, Mark Lykke; Stokholm, Amalie; Verma, Kuldeep

BASTA determines properties of stars using a pre-computed grid of stellar models. It calculates the probability density function of a given stellar property based on a set of observational constraints defined by the user. BASTA is very versatile and has been used in a large variety of studies requiring robust determination of fundamental stellar properties.

[ascl:2110.011]
GRASS: GRanulation and Spectrum Simulator

Palumbo, Michael L., III; Ford, Eric B.; Wright, Jason T.; Mahadevan, Suvrath; Wise, Alexander W.; Löhner-Böttcher, Johannes

The Julia library GRASS produces realistic stellar spectra with time-variable granulation signatures. It is based on real observations of the Sun, and does not rely on magnetohydrodynamic simulations to produce its spectra. GRASS can also compute bisectors for absorption lines or CCF profiles, and provides two methods for calculating bisectors.

[ascl:2110.012]
GGCHEMPY: Gas-Grain CHEMical code for interstellar medium in Python3

GGCHEMPY is efficient for building 1-D, 2-D and 3-D simulations of physical parameters of Planck galactic cold clumps; it provides a graphical user interface and can also be invoked by a Python script. The code initializes the reaction network using input parameters, and then computes the reaction rate coefficients for all reactions. It uses the backward-differentiation formulas method to solve the ordinary differential equations for the integration. The modeled results are saved and can be directly passed to a Python dictionary for analysis and plotting.

[ascl:2110.013]
Nauyaca: N-body approach for determining planetary masses and orbital elements

Nauyaca infers planetary masses and orbits from mid-transit times fitting. The code requires transit ephemeris per planet and stellar mass and radius, and uses minimization routines and a Markov chain Monte Carlo method to find planet parameters that best reproduce the transit times based on numerical simulations. The code package provides customized plotting tools for analyzing the results.

[ascl:2110.014]
swordfish: Information yield of counting experiments

Swordfish studies the information yield of counting experiments. It implements at its core a rather general version of a Poisson point process with background uncertainties described by a Gaussian random field, and provides easy access to its information geometrical properties. Based on this information, a number of common and less common tasks can be performed. Swordfish allows quick and accurate forecasts of experimental sensitivities without time-intensive Monte Carlos, mock data generation and likelihood maximization. It can:

- calculate the expected upper limit or discovery reach of an instrument;

- derive expected confidence contours for parameter reconstruction;

- visualize confidence contours as well as the underlying information metric field;

- calculate the information flux, an effective signal-to-noise ratio that accounts for background systematics and component degeneracies; and

- calculate the Euclideanized signal which approximately maps the signal to a new vector which can be used to calculate the Euclidean distance between points.

[ascl:2110.015]
Flux: Julia machine learning library

Innes, Michael; Saba, Elliot; Fischer, Keno; Gandhi, Dhairya; Concetto Rudilosso, Marco; Mariya Joy, Neethu; Karmali, Tejan; Pal, Avik; Shah, Viral

Flux provides an elegant approach to machine learning. Written in Julia, it provides lightweight abstractions on top of Julia's native GPU and AD support. It has many useful tools built in, but also lets you use the full power of the Julia language where you need it. Flux has relatively few explicit APIs for features like regularization or embeddings; instead, writing down the mathematical form works and is fast. The package works well with Julia libraries from data frames and images to differential equation solvers, so building complex data processing pipelines that integrate Flux models is straightforward.

[ascl:2110.016]
pyro: Deep universal probabilistic programming with Python and PyTorch

Bingham, Eli; Chen, Jonathan P.; Jankowiak, Martin; Obermeyer, Fritz; Pradhan, Neeraj; Karaletsos, Theofanis; Singh, Rohit; Szerlip, Paul; Horsfall, Paul; Goodman, Noah D.

Pyro is a flexible, scalable deep probabilistic programming library built on PyTorch. It can represent any computable probability distribution and scales to large data sets with little overhead compared to hand-written code. The library is implemented with a small core of powerful, composable abstractions. Its high-level abstractions express generative and inference models, but also allows experts to customize inference.

[ascl:2110.017]
ThERESA: 3D Exoplanet Cartography

ThERESA retrieves three-dimensional maps of exoplanets. The code constructs 2-dimensional maps for each light given light curve, places those maps vertically in an atmosphere, and runs radiative transfer to calculate emission from the planet over a latitude/longitude grid. ThERESA then integrates over the grid (combined with the visibility function) to generate light curves. These light curves are compared against the input light curves behind MCMC to explore parameter space.

[ascl:2110.018]
FEniCS: Computing platform for solving partial differential equations

FEniCS solves partial differential equations (PDEs) and enables users to quickly translate scientific models into efficient finite element code. With the high-level Python and C++ interfaces to FEniCS, it is easy to get started, but FEniCS offers also powerful capabilities for more experienced programmers. FEniCS runs on a multitude of platforms ranging from laptops to high-performance clusters, and each component of the FEniCS platform has been fundamentally designed for parallel processing. This framework allows for rapid prototyping of finite element formulations and solvers on laptops and workstations, and the same code may then be deployed on large high-performance computers.

[ascl:2110.019]
SELCIE: Screening Equations Linearly Constructed and Iteratively Evaluated

SELCIE (Screening Equations Linearly Constructed and Iteratively Evaluated) investigates the chameleon model that arises from screening a scalar field introduced in some modified gravity models that is coupled to matter. The code provides tools to construct user defined meshes by utilizing the GMSH mesh generation software. These tools include constructing shapes whose boundaries are defined by some function or by constructing it out of basis shapes such as circles, cones and cylinders. The mesh can also be separated into subdomains, each of which having its own refinement parameters. These meshes can then be converted into a format that is compatible with the finite element software FEniCS. SELCIE uses FEniCS (ascl:2110.018) with a nonlinear solving method (Picard or Newton method) to solve the chameleon equation of motion for some parameters and density distribution. These density distributions are constructed by having the density profile of each subdomain being set by a user defined function, allowing for extremely customizable setups that are easy to implement.

[ascl:2110.020]
BCES: Linear regression for data with measurement errors and intrinsic scatter

BCES performs robust linear regression on (X,Y) data points where both X and Y have measurement errors. The fitting method is the bivariate correlated errors and intrinsic scatter (BCES). Some of the advantages of BCES regression compared to ordinary least squares fitting are that it allows for measurement errors on both variables and permits the measurement errors for the two variables to be dependent. Further it permits the magnitudes of the measurement errors to depend on the measurements and other lines such as the bisector and the orthogonal regression can be constructed.

[ascl:2110.021]
PT-REX: Point-to-point TRend EXtractor

PT-REX (Point-to-point TRend EXtractor) performs ptp analysis on every kind of extended radio source. The code exploits a set of different fitting methods to allow study of the spatial correlation, and is structured in a series of tasks to handle the individual steps of a ptp analysis independently, from defining a grid to sample the radio emission to accurately analyzing the data using several statistical methods. A major feature of PT-REX is the use of an automatic, randomly-generated sampling routine to combine several SMptp analysis into a Monte Carlo ptp (MCptp) analysis. By repeating several cycles of SMptp analysis with randomly-generated grids, PT-REX produces a distribution of values of k that describe its parameter space, thus allowing a reliably estimate of the trend (and its uncertainties).

[ascl:2110.022]
XookSuut: Model circular and noncircular flows on 2D velocity maps

XookSuut models circular and noncircular flows on resolved velocity maps. The code performs nonparametric fits to derive kinematic models without assuming analytical functions on the different velocity components of the models. It recovers the circular and radial motions in galaxies in dynamical equilibrium and can derive the noncircular motions induced by oval distortions, such as that produced by stellar bars. XookSuut explores the full space of parameters on a N-dimensional space to derive their mean values; this combined method efficiently recovers the constant parameters and the different kinematic components.

[submitted]
Data modelling approaches to astronomical data - Mapping large spectral line data cubes to dimensional data models

As a new generation of large-scale telescopes are expected to produce single data products in the range of hundreds of GBs to multiple TBs, different approaches to I/O efficient data interaction and extraction need to be investigated and made available to researchers. This will become increasingly important as the downloading and distribution of TB scale data products will become unsustainable, and researchers will have to take their processing analysis to the data. We present a methodology to extract 3 dimensional spatial-spectral data from dimensionally modelled tables in Parquet format on a Hadoop system. The data is loaded into the Parquet tables from FITS cube files using a dedicated process. We compare the performance of extracting data using the Apache Spark parallel compute framework on top of the Parquet-Hadoop ecosystem with data extraction from the original source files on a shared file system. We have found that the Spark-Parquet-Hadoop solution provides significant performance benefits, particularly in a multi user environment. We present a detailed analysis of the single and multi-user experiments conducted and also discuss the benefits and limitations of the platform used for this study.

[ascl:2111.001]
astroDDPM: Realistic galaxy simulation via score-based generative models

Smith, Michael J.; Geach, James E.; Jackson, Ryan A.; Arora, Nikhil; Stone, Connor; Courteau, Stephane

astroDDPM uses a denoising diffusion probabilistic model (DDPM) to synthesize galaxies that are qualitatively and physically indistinguishable from the real thing. The similarity of the synthesized images to real galaxies from the Photometry and Rotation curve OBservations from Extragalactic Surveys (PROBES) sample and from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey is quantified using the Fréchet Inception Distance to test for subjective and morphological similarity. The emergent physical properties (such as total magnitude, color, and half light radius) of a ground truth parent and synthesized child dataset are also compared to generate a Synthetic Galaxy Distance metric. The DDPM approach produces sharper and more realistic images than other generative methods such as Adversarial Networks (with the downside of more costly inference), and could be used to produce large samples of synthetic observations tailored to a specific imaging survey. Potential uses of the DDPM include accurate in-painting of occluded data, such as satellite trails, and domain transfer, where new input images can be processed to mimic the properties of the DDPM training set.

[ascl:2111.002]
JAX: Autograd and XLA

Bradbury, James; Frostig, Roy; Hawkins, Peter; Johnson, Matthew James; Leary, Chris; Maclaurin, Dougal; Necula, George; Paszke, Adam; VanderPlas, Jake; Wanderman-Milne, Skye; Zhang, Qiao

JAX brings Autograd and XLA together for high-performance machine learning research. It can automatically differentiate native Python and NumPy functions. The code can differentiate through loops, branches, recursion, and closures, and it can take derivatives of derivatives of derivatives. JAX supports reverse-mode differentiation (a.k.a. backpropagation) via grad as well as forward-mode differentiation, and the two can be composed arbitrarily to any order.

[ascl:2111.003]
PSwarm: Global optimization solver for bound and linear constrained problems

PSwarm is a global optimization solver for bound and linear constrained problems (for which the derivatives of the objective function are unavailable, inaccurate or expensive). The algorithm combines pattern search and particle swarm. Basically, it applies a directional direct search in the poll step (coordinate search in the pure simple bounds case) and particle swarm in the search step. PSwarm makes no use of derivative information of the objective function. It has been shown to be efficient and robust for smooth and nonsmooth problems, both in serial and in parallel.

[ascl:2111.004]
NLopt: Nonlinear optimization library

The library NLopt performs nonlinear local and global optimization for functions with and without gradient information. It provides a simple, unified interface and wraps many algorithms for global and local, constrained or unconstrained, optimization, and provides interfaces for many other languages, including C++, Fortran, Python, Matlab or GNU Octave, OCaml, GNU Guile, GNU R, Lua, Rust, and Julia.

[ascl:2111.005]
CEvNS: Calculate Coherent Elastic Neutrino-Nucleus Scattering cross sections and recoil spectra

CEvNS calculates Coherent Elastic Neutrino-Nucleus Scattering (CEvNS) cross sections and recoil spectra. It includes (among other things) the Standard Model contribution to the CEvNS cross section, along with the contribution from Simplified Models with new vector or scalar mediators. It also covers neutrino magnetic moments and non-standard contact neutrino interactions (NSI).

[ascl:2111.006]
prose: FITS images processing pipeline

Garcia, Lionel J.; Timmermans, Mathilde; Pozuelos, Francisco J.; Ducrot, Elsa; Gillon, Michaël; Delrez, Laetitia; Wells, Robert D.; Jehin, Emmanuël

prose provides pipelines for performing common tasks, such as automated calibration, reduction and photometry, and makes building custom pipelines easy. The prose framework is instrument-agnostic and makes constructing pipelines easy. It offers a wide range of implemented building blocks and also allows users to define their own.

[ascl:2111.007]
LEGWORK: LISA Evolution and Gravitational Wave ORbit Kit

LEGWORK (LISA Evolution and Gravitational Wave ORbit Kit) is a simple package for gravitational wave calculations. It evolves binaries and computes signal-to-noise ratios for binary systems potentially observable with LISA; it also visualizes the results. LEGWORK can also compare different detector sensitivity curves, compute the horizon distance for a collection of sources, and tracks signal-to-noise evolution over time.

[ascl:2111.008]
COCOPLOT: COlor COllapsed PLOTting software

The COCOPLOT (COlor COllapsed PLOTting) quick-look and context image code conveys spectral profile information from all of the spatial pixels in a 3D datacube as a single image using color. It can also identify and expose temporal behavior and display and highlight solar features. COCOPLOT thus aids in identifying regions of interest quickly. The software is available in Python and IDL, and can be used as a standalone package or integrated into other software.

[ascl:2111.009]
CoLoRe: Cosmological Lofty Realization

CoLoRe (Cosmological Lofty Realization) generates fast mock realizations of a given galaxy sample using a lognormal model or LPT for the matter density. Tt can simulate a variety of cosmological tracers, including photometric and spectroscopic galaxies, weak lensing, and intensity mapping. CoLoRe is a parallel C code, and its behavior is controlled primarily by the input param file.

[ascl:2111.010]
Nii: Multidimensional posterior distributions framework

Nii implements an automatic parallel tempering Markov chain Monte Carlo (APT-MCMC) framework for sampling multidimensional posterior distributions and provides an observation simulation platform for the differential astrometric measurement of exoplanets. Although this code specifically focuses on the orbital parameter retrieval problem of differential astrometry, Nii can be applied to other scientific problems with different posterior distributions and offers many control parameters in the APT part to facilitate the adjustment of the MCMC sampling strategy; these include the number of parallel chains, the β values of different chains, the dynamic range of the sampling step sizes, and frequency of adjusting the step sizes.

[ascl:2111.011]
p-winds: Python implementation of Parker wind models for planetary atmospheres

Dos Santos, Leonardo A.; Vidotto, Aline A.; Vissapragada, Shreyas; Alam, Munazza K.; Allart, Romain; Bourrier, Vincent; Kirk, James; Seidel, Julia V.; Ehrenreich, David

p-winds produces simplified, 1-D models of the upper atmosphere of a planet and performs radiative transfer to calculate observable spectral signatures. The scalable implementation of 1D models allows for atmospheric retrievals to calculate atmospheric escape rates and temperatures. In addition, the modular implementation allows for a smooth plugging-in of more complex descriptions to forward model their corresponding spectral signatures (*e.g.*, self-consistent or 3D models).

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