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[ascl:2306.038] FacetClumps: Molecular clump detection algorithm based on Facet model

FacetClumps extracts and analyses clumpy structure in molecular clouds. Written in Python and based on the Gaussian Facet model, FacetClumps extracts signal regions using morphology, and segments the signal regions into local regions with a gradient-based method. It then applies a connectivity-based minimum distance clustering method to cluster the local regions to the clump centers. FacetClumps automatically adjusts its parameters to local situations to improve adaptability, and is optimized to detect faint and overlapping clumps.

[ascl:2306.039] GRChombo: Numerical relativity simulator

GRChombo performs numerical relativity simulations. It uses Chombo (ascl:1202.008) for adaptive mesh refinement and can evolve standard spacetimes such as binary black hole mergers and scalar collapses into black holes. The code supports non-trivial many-boxes-in-many-boxes mesh hierarchies and massive parallelism and evolves the Einstein equation using the standard BSSN formalism. GRChombo is written in C++14 and uses hybrid MPI/OpenMP parallelism and vector intrinsics to achieve good performance.

[ascl:2306.040] PEPITA: Prediction of Exoplanet Precisions using Information in Transit Analysis

PEPITA (Prediction of Exoplanet Precisions using Information in Transit Analysis) makes predictions for the precision of exoplanet parameters using transit light-curves. The code uses information analysis techniques to predict the best precision that can be obtained by fitting a light-curve without actually needing to perform the fit, thus allowing more efficient planning of observations or re-observations.

[ascl:2306.041] COFFE: COrrelation Function Full-sky Estimator

COFFE (COrrelation Function Full-sky Estimator) computes quantities in linear perturbation theory. It computes the full-sky and flat-sky 2-point correlation function (2PCF) of galaxy number counts, taking into account all of the effects, including density, RSD, and lensing. It also determines the full-sky, flat-sky, and redshift-averaged multipoles of the 2PCF, and the flat-sky Gaussian covariance matrix of the multipoles of the 2PCF.

[ascl:2306.042] CONDUCT: Electron transport coefficients of magnetized stellar plasmas

CONDUCT calculates all components of kinetic tensors in fully ionized electron-ion plasmas at arbitrary magnetic field. It employs a thermal averaging with the Fermi distribution function and can be used when electrons are partially degenerate; it provides, along with the electrical and thermal conductivities, also thermopower (thermoelectric coefficient). CONDUCT takes into account collisions of the electrons with ions and (in solid phase) charged impurities as well as quantum effects on ionic motion in the solid phase. The code's outputs are the longitudinal, transverse, and off-diagonal (Hall) components of electrical and thermal conductivity tensors as well as the components of thermoelectric tensor.

[ascl:2306.043] SHERLOCK: Explore Kepler, K2, and TESS data

The end-to-end SHERLOCK (Searching for Hints of Exoplanets fRom Lightcurves Of spaCe-based seeKers) pipeline allows users to explore data from space-based missions to search for planetary candidates. It can recover alerted candidates by the automatic pipelines such as SPOC and the QLP, Kepler objects of interest (KOIs) and TESS objects of interest (TOIs), and can search for candidates that remain unnoticed due to detection thresholds, lack of data exploration, or poor photometric quality. SHERLOCK has six different modules to perform its tasks; these modules can be executed by filling in an initial YAML file with some basic information and using a few lines of code sequentially to pass from one step to the next. Alternatively, the user may provide with the light curve in a csv file, where the time, normalized flux, and flux error are provided in columns in comma-separated format.

[ascl:2306.044] nuSpaceSim: Cosmic neutrino simulation

nuSpaceSim simulates upward-going extensive air showers caused by neutrino interactions with the atmosphere. It is an end-to-end, neutrino flux to space-based signal detection, modeling tool for the design of sub-orbital and space-based neutrino detection experiments. This comprehensive suite of modeling packages accepts an experimental design input and then models the experiment's sensitivity to both the diffuse, cosmogenic neutrino flux as well as astrophysical neutrino transient events, such as that postulated from binary neutron star (BNS) mergers. nuSpaceSim calculates the tau neutrino acceptance for the Optical Cherenkov technique; tau propagation is interpolated using included data tables from nupyprop (ascl:2306.044). The simulation is parameterized by an input XML configuration file, with settings for detector characteristics and global parameters; nuSpaceSim also provides a python API for programmatic access.

[ascl:2306.045] nuPyProp: Propagate neutrinos through the earth

nuPyProp simulates tau neutrino and muon neutrino interactions in the Earth and predicts the spectrum of the τ-leptons and muons that emerge. The code produces tables of charged lepton exit probabilities and energies that can be used directly or as inputs to nuSpaceSim (ascl:2306.043), which is designed to simulate optical and radio signals from extensive air showers induced by the emerging charged leptons.

[ascl:2306.046] CHIPS: Circumstellar matter and light curves of interaction-powered transients simulator

CHIPS (Complete History of Interaction-Powered Supernovae) simulates the circumstellar matter and light curves of interaction-powered transients. Coupled with MESA (ascl:1010.083), the combined codes can obtain the circumstellar matter profile and light curves of the interaction-powered supernovae. CHIPS generates a realistic CSM from a model-agnostic mass eruption calculation, which can serve as a reference for observers to compare with various observations of the CSM. The code can also generate bolometric light curves from CSM interaction, which can be compared with observed light curves. The calculation of mass eruption and light curve typically takes respectively half a day and half an hour on modern CPUs.

[ascl:2306.047] COLASolver: Particle-Mesh N-body code

COLASolver creates Particle-Mesh (PM) N-body simulations; the code is fast and very flexible, and can compute a wide range of models. For models with complex dynamics (screened models), it provides several options from doing it exactly to approximate but fast to just simulating linear theory equations. Every time-consuming operation is parallelized over MPI and OpenMP. It uses a slab-based parallelization that works well for fast approximate (COLA) simulations but does not perform as well for high resolution simulations. COLASolver can also be used as an analysis code for results from other simulations.

[ascl:2306.048] MG-PICOLA: Simulating cosmological structure formation

MG-PICOLA is a modified version of L-PICOLA (ascl:1507.004) that extends the COLA approach for simulating cosmological structure formation to theories that exhibit scale-dependent growth. It can compute matter power-spectra (CDM and total), redshift-space multipole power-spectra P0,P2,P4 and do halofinding on the fly.

[ascl:2306.049] ARPACK-NG: Large scale eigenvalue problem solver

ARPACK-NG provides a common repository with maintained versions and a test suite for the ARPACK (ascl:1311.010) code, which is no longer updated; it is a collection of Fortran77 subroutines designed to solve large scale eigenvalue problems. ARPACK-NG offers routines for banded matrices, singular value decomposition, single and double precision real arithmetic versions for symmetric, non-symmetric standard or generalized problems, and a reverse communication interface (RCI). It also provides example driver routines that may be used as templates to implement numerous shift-invert strategies for all problem types, data types and precision, in addition to other tools. The ARPACK-NG project, started by Debian, Octave, and Scilab, is now a community project maintained by volunteers.

[ascl:2306.050] SubgridClumping: Clumping factor for large low-resolution N-body simulations

SubgridClumping derives the parameters for the global, in-homogeneous and stochastic clumping model and then computes the clumping factor for large low-resolution N-body simulations smoothed on a regular grid. Written for the CUBEP3M simulation, the package contains two main modules. The first derives the three clumping model parameters for a given small high-resolution simulation; the second computes a clumping factor cube (same mesh-size as input) for the three models for the given density field of a large low-resolution simulation.

[ascl:2306.051] Hitomi: Cosmological analysis of anisotropic galaxy distributions

Hitomi provides a comprehensive set of codes for cosmological analysis of anisotropic galaxy distributions using two- and three-point statistics: two-point correlation function (2PCF), power spectrum, three-point correlation function (3PCF), and bispectrum. The code can measure the Legendre-expanded 2PCF and power spectrum from an observed sample of galaxies, and can measure the 3PCF and bispectrum expanded using the Tripolar spherical harmonic (TripoSH) function. Hitomi is basically a serial code, but can also implement MPI parallelization. Hitomi uses MPI to read multiple different input parameters simultaneously.

[ascl:2306.052] kilopop: Binary neutron star population of optical kilonovae

kilopop produces binary neutron star kilonovae in the grey-body approximation. It can also create populations of these objects useful for forecasting detection and testing observing scenarios. Additionally, it uses an emulator for the grey-opacity of the material calibrated against a suite of numerical radiation transport simulations with the code SuperNu (ascl:2103.019).

[ascl:2306.053] TiDE: Light curves and spectra of tidal disruption events

TiDE (TIdal Disruption Event) computes the light curves or spectrum of tidal disruption events. Written in C++, it can compute the monochromatic light curve without diffusion, including the total luminosity, wind luminosity and disk luminosity, and the monochromatic light curve with diffusion. TiDE can also model the bolometric luminosity and calculate the spectrum at a given time, including the wind luminosity and disk luminosity. This code can be used to explore the possible parameter space and reveal potential biases caused by the model assumptions, and can be extended with new models, allowing one to compare and test different prescriptions and model assumptions under the same circumstances.

[ascl:2306.054] threepoint: Covariance of third-order aperture statistics

threepoint models the third-order aperture statistics, the natural components of the shear three-point correlation function and the covariance of third-order aperture statistics. Third-order weak lensing statistics extract cosmological information in the non-Gaussianity of the cosmic large-scale structure, making them a promising tool for cosmological analyses.

[ascl:2306.055] ESSENCE: Evaluate spatially correlated noise in interferometric images

ESSENCE (Evaluating Statistical Significance undEr Noise CorrElation) evaluates the statistical significance of image analysis and signal detection under correlated noise in interferometric images (e.g., ALMA, NOEMA). It measures the noise autocorrelation function (ACF) to fully characterize the statistical properties of spatially correlated noise in the interferometric image, computes the noise in the spatially integrated quantities (e.g., flux, spectrum) with a given aperture, and simulates noise maps with the same correlation property. ESSENSE can also construct a covariance matrix from noise ACF, which can be used for a 2d image or 3d cube model fitting.

[ascl:2306.056] PSFMachine: Toolkit for doing PSF photometry

PSFMachine creates models of instrument effective Point Spread Functions (ePSFs), also called Pixel Response Functions (PRFs). These models are then used to fit a scene in a stack of astronomical images. PSFMachine is able to quickly derive photometry from stacks of Kepler and TESS images and separate crowded sources.

[ascl:2306.057] pybranch: Calculate experimental branching fractions and transition probabilities from atomic spectra

pybranch calculates experimental branching fractions and transition probabilities from measurements of atomic spectra. Though the program is usually used with spectral line lists from intensity-calibrated spectra from Fourier transform spectrometers, it can in principle be used with any calibrated spectra that meet the input requirements. pybranch takes a set of linelists, computes a weighted average branching fraction (Fki) for each line, combines these branching fractions with the level lifetime to obtain the transition probability, and then prints the calibrated intensities and S/N ratios for all the lines observed from a particular upper level in each spectrum. One line can be chosen to use as a reference to put all of the intensities on the same scale. pybranch can use calculated transition probabilities to calculate a residual from lines that have not been observed.

[ascl:2306.058] GER: Global Extinction Reduction

The Global Extinction Reduction IDL codes compare optical photometry from the twin Gemini North and South Multi-Object Spectrographs (GMOS-N and GMOS-S) against the expected worsening of atmospheric transparency due to global climate change. Data from the Gemini instruments are first reduced by DRAGONS (ascl:1811.002). GER then calibrates them against the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and Gaia G-band catalogs; image rotation and alignment is accomplished via identification of sufficiently-bright stars in Gaia. A simple model of Gemini and their site characteristics is generated, including meteorology, cloudy-fractions, number of reflections, dates of re-coatings modulated by rate of efficiency decay, together with response of detectors and associated zeropoints, and can be compared with the decline of transparency due to rising temperature and associated humidity increase.

[ascl:2306.059] BOXFIT: Gamma-ray burst afterglow light curve generator

BOXFIT calculates light curves and spectra for arbitrary observer times and frequencies and of performing (broadband) data fits using the downhill simplex method combined with simulated annealing. The flux value for a given observer time and frequency is a function of various variables that set the explosion physics (energy of the explosion, circumburst number density and jet collimation angle), the radiative process (magnetic field generation efficiency, electron shock-acceleration efficiency and synchrotron power slope for the electron energy distribution) and observer position (distance, redshift and angle). The code can be run both in parallel and on a single core. Because a data fit takes many iterations, this is best done in parallel. Single light curves and spectra can readily be done on a single core.

[ascl:2306.060] SCF-FDPS: Disk-halo systems simulator

The fast N-body code SCF-FDPS (Self-Consistent Field-Framework for Developing Particle Simulators) simulates disk-halo systems. It combines a self-consistent field (SCF) code, which provides scalability, and a tree code that is parallelized using the Framework for Developing Particle Simulators (FDPS) (ascl:1604.011). SCF-FDPS handles a wide variety of halo profiles and can be used to study extensive dynamical problems of disk-halo systems.

[ascl:2307.001] Jdaviz: JWST astronomical data analysis tools in the Jupyter platform

Jdaviz provides data viewers and analysis plugins that can be flexibly combined as desired to create interactive applications. It offers Specviz (ascl:1902.011) for visualization and quick-look analysis of 1D astronomical spectra; Mosviz for visualization of astronomical spectra, including 1D and 2D spectra as well as contextual information, and Cubeviz for visualization of spectroscopic data cubes (such as those produced by JWST MIRI). Imviz, which provides visualization and quick-look analysis for 2D astronomical images, is also included. Jdaviz is designed with instrument modes from the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) in mind, but the tool is flexible enough to read in data from many astronomical telescopes, and the documentation provides a complete table of all supported modes.

[ascl:2307.002] BE-HaPPY: Bias emulator for halo power spectrum

BE-HaPPY (Bias Emulator for Halo Power spectrum Python) facilitates future large scale surveys analysis by providing an accurate, easy to use and computationally inexpensive method to compute the halo bias in the presence of massive neutrinos. Provided with a linear power spectrum, the package will compute a new power spectrum according to the chosen configuration. BE-HaPPY handles linear, polynomial, and perturbation theory bias models. The code also handles Kaiser and Scoccimarro redshifts; other available options include real or redshift space, the total neutrino mass, and a choice of mass bin or scale array, among others.

[ascl:2307.003] RelicFast: Fast scale-dependent halo bias

RelicFast computes the scale-dependent bias induced by relics of different masses, spins, and temperatures, through spherical collapse and the peak-background split. The code determines halo bias in under a second, making it possible to include this effect for different cosmologies, and light relics, at little computational cost.

[ascl:2307.004] ALF: Absorption line fitter

alf fits the absorption line optical—NIR spectrum. Initially written to constrain the stellar IMF in old massive galaxies, the code now also offers theoretical age and metallicity-dependent response functions covering 19 elements, nuisance parameters to capture uncertainties in stellar evolution, and parameters to capture uncertainties in the data, including modeling telluric absorption and sky line residuals. alf can fit stellar populations with metallicities from approximately -2.0 to +0.3 and performs well when fitting stellar populations ranging from metal-poor globular clusters to brightest cluster galaxies. The software works in continuum-normalized space and so does not make any use of the shape of the continuum (nor of corresponding photometry). Fitting is handled with emcee (ascl:1303.002); the code is MPI parallelized and runs efficiently on many processors, though fitting data with alf is time intensive.

[ascl:2307.005] axionHMcode: Non-linear power spectrum calculator

axionHMcode computes the non-linear matter power spectrum in a mixed dark matter cosmology with ultra-light axion (ULA) component of the dark matter. This model uses some of the fitting parameters and is inspired by HMcode (ascl:1508.001). axionHMcode uses the full expanded power spectrum to calculate the non-linear power spectrum; it splits the axion overdensity into a clustered and linear component to take the non clustering of axions on small scales due to free-streaming into account.

[ascl:2307.006] pyPplusS: Modeling exoplanets with rings

pyPplusS calculates the light curves for ringed, oblate or spherical exoplanets in both the uniform and limb darkened cases. It can constrain the oblateness of planets using photometric data only. This code can be used to model light curves of more complicated configurations, including multiple planets, oblate planets, moons, rings, and combinations of these, while properly and efficiently taking into account overlapping areas and limb darkening.

[ascl:2307.007] AGNvar: Model spectral timing properties in active galactic nuclei

AGNvar calculates the expected reverberation signal in any given energy band, for a given spectral energy distribution (SED), assuming variable X-ray emission. The code predicts the shape of the re-processed continuum by modeling the time-averaged SED according to input parameters, which include geometry, mass, and mass accretion rate; generally the input parameters are based off typical XSPEC (ascl:9910.005) models. It evaluates the SED response to an input driving light-curve (assumed to originate in the X-ray corona) and creates a set of time-dependent SEDs. It then takes the results from the set of time-dependent SEDs and extracts the light-curve in a given band pass.

[ascl:2307.008] 21cmvFAST: Adding dark matter-baryon relative velocities to 21cmFAST

21cmvFAST demonstrates that including dark matter (DM)-baryon relative velocities produces velocity-induced acoustic oscillations (VAOs) in the 21-cm power spectrum. Based on 21cmFAST (ascl:1102.023) and 21CMMC (ascl:1608.017), 21cmvFAST accounts for molecular-cooling haloes, which are expected to drive star formation during cosmic dawn, as both relative velocities and Lyman-Werner feedback suppress halo formation. This yields accurate 21-cm predictions all the way to reionization (z>~10).

[ascl:2307.009] pnautilus: Three-phase chemical code

The three-phase pnautilus chemical code finds the abundance of each species by solving rate equations for gas-phase and grain surface chemistries. It performs gas–grain simulations in which both the icy mantle and the surface are considered active, taking into account mantle photodissociation, diffusion, and reactions; the code also considers the competition among reaction, diffusion and evaporation.

[ascl:2307.010] baccoemu: Cosmological emulators for large-scale structure statistics

baccoemu provides a collection of emulators for large-scale structure statistics over a wide range of cosmologies. The emulators provide fast predictions for the linear cold- and total-matter power spectrum, the nonlinear cold-matter power spectrum, and the modifications to the cold-matter power spectrum caused by baryonic physics in a wide cosmological parameter space, including dynamical dark energy and massive neutrinos.

[submitted] Coniferest: Python package for active anomaly detection

Coniferest is a Python package designed for implementing anomaly detection algorithms and interactive active learning tools. The centerpiece of the package is an Isolation Forest algorithm, known for its superior scoring performance and multi-threading evaluation. This robust anomaly detection algorithm operates by constructing random decision trees.

In addition to the Isolation Forest algorithm, Coniferest also offers two modified versions for active learning: AAD Forest and Pineforest. The AAD Forest modifies the Isolation Forest by reweighting its leaves based on responses from human experts, providing a faster alternative to the ad_examples package.

On the other hand, Pineforest, developed by the SNAD team, employs a filtering algorithm that builds and dismantles trees with each new human-machine iteration step.

Coniferest provides a user-friendly interface for conducting interactive human-machine sessions, facilitating the use of these active anomaly detection algorithms. The SNAD team maintains and utilizes this package primarily for anomaly detection in the field of astronomy, with a particular focus on light-curve data from large time-domain surveys.

[ascl:2307.011] DiscVerSt: Vertical structure calculator for accretion discs around neutron stars and black holes

DiscVerSt calculates the vertical structure of accretion discs around neutron stars and black holes. Different classes represent the vertical structure for different types of EoS and opacity, temperature gradient and irradiation scheme; the code includes an interface for initializing the chosen structure type. DiscVerSt also contains functions to calculate S-curves and the vertical and radial profile of a stationary disc.

[ascl:2307.012] mnms: Map-based Noise ModelS

mnms (Map-based Noise ModelS) creates map-based models of Simons Observatory Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) data. Each model supports drawing map-based simulations from data splits with independent realizations of the noise or equivalent, similar to an independent set of time-domain sims. In addition to the ability to create on-the-fly simulations, mnms also includes ready-made scripts for writing a large batch of products to disk in a dedicated SLURM job.

[ascl:2307.013] SIRENA: Energy reconstruction of X-ray photons for Athena X-IFU

SIRENA (Software Ifca for Reconstruction of EveNts for Athena X-IFU) reconstructs the energy of incoming X-ray photons after their detection in the X-IFU TES detector. It is integrated in the SIXTE (ascl:1903.002) end-to-end simulations environment where it currently runs over SIXTE simulated data. This is done by means of a tool called tesreconstruction, which is mainly a wrapper to pass a data file to the SIRENA tasks.

[ascl:2307.014] Synthetic LISA: Simulator for LISA-like gravitational-wave observatories

Synthetic LISA simulates the LISA science process at the level of scientific and technical requirements. The code generates synthetic time series of the LISA fundamental noises, as filtered through all the TDI observables, and provides a streamlined module to compute the TDI responses to gravitational waves, according to a full model of TDI, including the motion of the LISA array, and the temporal and directional dependence of the armlengths.

[ascl:2307.015] BOWIE: Gravitational wave binary signal analysis

BOWIE (Binary Observability With Illustrative Exploration) performs graphical analysis of binary signals from gravitational waves. It takes gridded data sets and produces different types of plots in customized arrangements for detailed analysis of gravitational wave sensitivity curves and/or binary signals. BOWIE offers three main tools: a gridded data generator, a plotting tool, and a waveform generator for general use. The waveform generator creates PhenomD waveforms for binary black hole inspiral, merger, and ringdown. Gridded data sets are created using the PhenomD generator for signal-to-noise (SNR) analysis. Using the gridded data sets, customized configurations of plots are created with the plotting package.

[ascl:2307.016] DataComb: Combining data for better images

DataComb combines radio interferometric and single dish observations and obtains quantitative measures of how different techniques perform to obtain better fidelity images. The package relies on CASA (ascl:1107.013) for the combinations and on AstroPy (ascl:1304.002) for making quantitative
comparisons between different images produced by different methods. Model images and simulations are also used to assess the different combination methods.

[ascl:2307.017] Veusz: Scientific plotting package

Veusz produces a wide variety of publication-ready 2D and 3D plots. Plots are created by building up plotting widgets with a consistent object-based interface, and the package provides many options for customizing plots. Veusz can import data from text, CSV, HDF5 and FITS files; datasets can also be entered within the program and new datasets created via the manipulation of existing datasets using mathematical expressions and more. The program can also be extended, by adding plugins supporting importing new data formats, different types of data manipulation or for automating tasks, and it supports vector and bitmap output, including PDF, Postscript, SVG and EMF.

[ascl:2307.018] IMRIpy: Intermediate Mass Ratio Inspirals simulator

IMRIpy simulates an Intermediate Mass Ratio Inspiral (IMRI) by gravitational wave emission with a Dark Matter(DM) halo or a (baryonic) Accretion Disk around the central Intermediate Mass Black Hole(IMBH). It can use different density profiles (such as DM spikes), and different interactions, such as dynamical friction with and without HaloFeedback models or accretion, to produce the simulation.

[ascl:2307.019] IMRPhenomD: Phenomenological waveform model

The IMRPhenomD model generates gravitational wave signals for merging black hole binaries with non-precessing spins. The waveforms are produced in the frequency domain and include the inspiral, merger and ringdown parts for the dominant spherical harmonic mode of the signal. Part of LALSuite (ascl:2012.021) and also available as an independent code, IMRPhenomD is written in C and is calibrated against data from numerical relativity simulations. A re-implementation of IMRPhenomD in Python, PyIMRPhenomD (ascl:2307.023), is available.

[ascl:2307.020] PolyBin: Binned polyspectrum estimation on the full sky

PolyBin estimates the binned power spectrum, bispectrum, and trispectrum for full-sky HEALPix maps such as the CMB. This can include both spin-0 and spin-2 fields, such as the CMB temperature and polarization, or galaxy positions and galaxy shear. Alternatively, one can use only scalar maps. For each statistic, two estimators are available: the standard (ideal) estimators, which do not take into account the mask, and window-deconvolved estimators. For the second case, a Fisher matrix must be computed; this depends on binning and the mask, but does not need to be recomputed for each new simulation. PolyBin can compute both the parity-even and parity-odd components, accounting for any leakage between the two, for the bispectrum and trispectrum.

[ascl:2307.021] FGBuster: Parametric component separation for Cosmic Microwave Background observations

FGBuster (ForeGroundBuster) separates frequency maps into component maps and forecasts component separation both when the model is correct and when it is incorrect. FGBuster can be used for SED evaluation, intermediate component separation, multi-resolution separation, and forecasting, among other tasks.

[ascl:2307.022] TOAST: Time Ordered Astrophysics Scalable Tools

The TOAST software framework simulates and processes timestream data collected by telescopes. The framework can distribute data among many processes and perform operations on the local pieces of the data, and has generic operators for common processing tasks such as filtering, pointing expansion, and map-making. In addition to offering I/O for a limited set of formats, it provides well-defined interfaces for adding custom I/O classes and processing operators. TOAST is written in C++ with a public Python interface, and contains utilities for controlling the runtime environment, logging, timing, streamed random number generation, quaternion operations, FFTs, and special function evaluation.

[ascl:2307.023] PyIMRPhenomD: Stellar origin black hole binaries population estimator

PyIMRPhenomD estimates the population of stellar origin black hole binaries for LISA observations using a Bayesian parameter estimation algorithm. The code reimplements IMRPhenomD (ascl:2307.019) in a pure Python code, compiled with the Numba just-in-time compiler. The module implements the analytic first and second derivatives necessary to compute t(f) and t'(f) rather than computing them numerically. Using the analytic derivatives increases the code complexity but produces faster and more numerically accurate results; the improvement in numerical accuracy is particularly significant for t'(f).

[ascl:2307.024] SHARK: Gas and dust hydrodynamics with dust coagulation/fragmentation

SHARK solves the hydrodynamic equations for gas and dust mixtures accounting for dust coagulation and fragmentation (among other things). The code is written in Fortran and is capable of handling both 1D and 2D Cartesian geometries; 1D simulations with spherical geometry are also possible. SHARK is versatile and can be used to model various astrophysical environments.

[ascl:2307.025] pyhalomodel: Halo-model implementation for power spectra

pyhalomodel computes halo-model power spectra for any desired tracer combination. The software requires only halo profiles for the tracers to be specified; these could be matter profiles, galaxy profiles, or something else, such as electron-pressure or HI profiles. pyhalomodel makes it easier to perform basic calculations using the halo model by reducing the changes of variables required to integrate halo profiles against halo mass functions, which can be confusing and tedious.

[ascl:2307.026] gyrointerp: Gyrochronology via interpolation of open cluster rotation sequences

gyrointerp calculates gyrochronal ages by interpolating between open cluster rotation sequences. The framework, written in Python, can be used to find the gyrochronological age posterior of single or many stars. It can also produce a visual interpolation for a star’s age to determine where the star falls in the rotation-temperature plane in comparison to known reference clusters. gyrointerp models the ensemble evolution of rotation periods for main-sequence stars with temperatures of 3800-6200 K (masses of 0.5-1.2 solar) and is not applicable for subgiant or giant stars, and should be used cautiously with binary stars, as they can observationally bias temperature and rotation period measurements.

[ascl:2307.027] CosmicFish: Cosmology forecasting tool

CosmicFish obtains expected bounds on cosmological parameters for a wide range of models and observables for cosmological forecasting. The package includes a Fortran library to produce Fisher matrices, a Python library that performs operations on the produced Fisher matrices, and a full set of plotting utilities. It works with many models, including CAMB (ascl:1102.026) and MGCAMB (ascl:1106.013), and can interface with any Boltzmann solver. The user can choose within a wide range of possible cosmological observables, including cosmic microwave background, weak lensing tomography, galaxy clustering, and redshift drift. CosmicFish is easy to customize; it provides a flexible package system and users can produce their own analyses and plotting pipelines following the default Python apps.

[ascl:2307.028] TidalPy: Moon and exoplanet tidal heating and dynamics estimator

TidalPy performs semi-analytic calculations of tidal dissipation and subsequent orbit-spin evolution for rocky and icy worlds. It can be used as a black box, in which an Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) scheme performs many calculations with very little user input from the user, making it easy to get started with the package, or as a toolbox, as it contains many efficient functions to perform calculations relevant to tides and thermal-orbital coupling, which can be quickly imported and used in a custom scripts. In general, TidelPy's toolbox (functional) scheme provides much higher performance, flexibility, and extensibility than the OOP scheme. It also makes assumptions more visible to the user. The downside is the user may need to be more familiar with the underlying physics.

[ascl:2307.029] SIMPLE: Intensity map generator

SIMPLE (Simple Intensity Map Producer for Line Emission) generates intensity maps that include observational effects such as noise, anisotropic smoothing, sky subtraction, and masking. Written in Python, it is based on a lognormal simulation of galaxies and random assignment of luminosities to these galaxies and generates mock intensity maps that can be used to study survey systematics and calculate covariance matrices of power spectra. The code is modular, allowing its components to be used independently.

[ascl:2307.030] SAMUS: Simulator of Asteroid Malformation Under Stress

SAMUS (Simulator of Asteroid Malformation Under Stress) simulates the deformation of minor bodies, assuming that they are homogenous incompressible fluid masses. They are initialized as ellipsoids and the Navier-Stokes equations are interatively solved to investigate the deformation of the body over time. The software is modular and allows for user-defined output functions, size, and trajectories. Structured as a single large class, SAMUS can store variables and handle arbitrary function calls, which eases debugging and investigation, especially for lengthy high-fidelity simulation runs.

[ascl:2307.031] HilalPy: Analysis tool for lunar crescent visibility criterion

HilalPy analyzes lunar crescent visibility criteria. Written in Python, the code uses more than 8000 lunar crescent visibility records extracted from literature and websites of lunar crescent observation, descriptive statistics, contradiction rate percentage, and regression analysis in its analysis to predict the visibility of a lunar crescent.

[ascl:2307.032] AmpF: Amplification factor for solar lensing

AmpF numerically calculates the amplification factor for solar lensing. The import parameters are the gravitational-wave frequency and the source angular position with respect to the solar center; the code outputs are the amplification factor and its geometrical-optics limit. AmpF accepts variables for several attributes and the overall amplitude of the lensing potential can be changed as needed. The method has been implemented in both C and Python.

[ascl:2307.033] Imber: Doppler imaging tool for modeling stellar and substellar surfaces

Imber simulates spectroscopic and photometric observations with both a gridded numerical simulation and analytical model. Written in Python, it is specifically designed to predict Extremely Large Telescope instrument (such as ELT/METIS and TMT/MODHIS) Doppler imaging performance, and has also been applied to existing, archival observations of spectroscopy and photometry.

[ascl:2307.034] Guacho: 3D uniform mesh parallel HD/MHD code for astrophysics

Guacho is a 3D hydrodynamical/magnetohydrodynamical code suited for astrophysical fluids. The hydrodynamic equations are evolved with a number of approximate Riemann solvers. Gaucho includes various modules to deal with different cooling regimes, and a radiation transfer module based on a Monte Carlo ray tracing method. The code can run sequentially or in parallel with MPI.

[ascl:2307.035] binary_c: Stellar population synthesis software framework

The binary_c software framework models the evolution of single, binary and multiple stars, including stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis. Stellar evolution includes wind mass loss, rotation, thermal pulses, magnetic braking, pre-main sequence evolution, supernovae and kicks, and neutron stars; binary-star evolution includes mass transfer, gravitational-wave losses, tides, novae, circumbinary discs, and merging stars. binary_c natively includes nucleosynthesis, and, as it is designed for stellar population calculations, it is lightweight and versatile. binary_c works in standalone, virtual and HPC environments, and its support software contains tools for development and data analysis. A version in Python, binary_c-python (ascl:2307.036), is also available.

[ascl:2307.036] binary_c-python: Stellar population synthesis tool and interface to binary_c

binary_c-python provides a manager for and interface to the binary_c framework (ascl:2307.035), and rapidly evolves individual systems and populations of stars. It provides functions such as data processing tools and initial distribution functions for stellar properties. binary_c-python also includes tools to run large grids of (binary) stellar systems on servers or distributed systems.

[ascl:2307.037] WDMWaveletTransforms: Fast forward and inverse WDM wavelet transforms

WDMWaveletTransforms implements the fast forward and inverse WDM wavelet transforms in Python from both the time and frequency domains. The frequency domain transforms are inherently faster and more accurate. The wavelet domain->frequency domain and frequency domain->wavelet domain transforms are nearly exact numerical inverses of each other for a variety of inputs tested, including Gaussian random noise. WDMWaveletTransforms has both command line and Python interfaces.

[ascl:2307.038] WarpX: Time-based electromagnetic and electrostatic Particle-In-Cell code

WarpX is an advanced electromagnetic & electrostatic Particle-In-Cell code. It supports many features including Perfectly-Matched Layers (PML), mesh refinement, and the boosted-frame technique. A highly-parallel and highly-optimized code, WarpX can run on GPUs and multi-core CPUs, includes load balancing capabilities, and scales to the largest supercomputers.

[ascl:2307.039] adiabatic-tides: Tidal stripping of dark matter (sub)haloes

adiabatic-tides evaluates the tidal stripping of dark matter (sub)haloes in the adiabatic limit. It exactly reproduces the remnant of an NFW halo that is exposed to a slowly increasing isotropic tidal field and approximately reproduces the remnant for an anisotropic tidal field. adiabatic-tides also predicts the asymptotic mass loss limit for orbiting subhaloes and differently concentrated host-haloes with and without baryonic components, and can be used to improve predictions of dark matter annihilation.

[ascl:2307.040] pycrires: Data reduction pipeline for VLT/CRIRES+

pycrires runs the CRIRES+ recipes of EsoRex. The pipeline organizes the raw data, creates SOF and configuration files, runs the calibration and science recipes, and creates plots of the images and extracted spectra. Additionally, it corrects remaining inaccuracies in the wavelength solution and the spectrum curvature. pycrires also provides dedicated routines for the extraction, calibration, and detection of spatially-resolved objects such as directly imaged planets.

[ascl:2307.041] EFTCAMB: Effective Field Theory with CAMB

EFTCAMB patches the public Einstein-Boltzmann solver CAMB (ascl:1102.026) to implement the Effective Field Theory approach to cosmic acceleration. It can be used to investigate the effect of different EFT operators on linear perturbations and to study perturbations in any specific DE/MG model that can be cast into EFT framework. To interface EFTCAMB with cosmological data sets, it is equipped with a modified version of CosmoMC (ascl:1106.025), EFTCosmoMC, to create a bridge between the EFT parametrization of the dynamics of perturbations and observations.

[ascl:2307.042] LIMpy: Line Intensity Mapping in Python

LIMpy models and analyzes multi-line intensity maps of CII (158 µ), OIII (88 µ), and CO (1-0) to CO (13-12) transitions. It can be used as an analytic model for star formation rate, to simulate line intensity maps based on halo catalogs, and to calculate the power spectrum from simulated maps and the cross-correlated signal between two separate lines. Among other things, LIMpy can also create multi-line luminosity models and determine the multi-line intensity power spectrum.

[ascl:2307.043] EAGLES: Estimating AGes from Lithium Equivalent widthS

EAGLES (Estimating AGes from Lithium Equivalent widthS) implements an empirical model that predicts the lithium equivalent width (EW) of a star as a function of its age and effective temperature. The code computes the age probability distribution for a star with a given EW and Teff, subject to an age probability prior that may be flat in age or flat in log age. Data for more than one star can be entered; EAGLES then treats these as a cluster and determines the age probability distribution for the ensemble. The code produces estimates of the most probable age, uncertainties and the median age; output files consisting of probability plots, best-fit isochrone plots, and tables of the posterior age probability distribution(s).

[ascl:2307.044] RUBIS: Fast centrifugal deformation program for stellar and planetary models

The centrifugal deformation program RUBIS (Rotation code Using Barotropy conservation over Isopotential Surfaces) takes an input 1D model (with spherical symmetry) and returns its deformed version by applying a conservative rotation profile specified by the user. The code needs only the density as a function of radial distance from the reference model in addition to the surface pressure to be imposed to perform the deformation; preserving the relation between density and pressure when going from the 1D to the 2D structure makes this lightness possible. By solving Poisson's equation in spheroidal rather than spherical coordinates whenever a discontinuity is present, RUBIS can deform both stellar and planetary models, thereby dealing with potential discontinuities in the density profile.

[ascl:2307.045] NAVanalysis: Normalized Additional Velocity analysis

NAVanalysis studies the non-baryonic, or non-Newtonian, contribution to galaxy rotation curves straight from a given data sample. Conclusions on the radial profile of a given model can be drawn without individual galaxy fits to provide an efficient sample comparison. The method can be used to eliminate model parameter regions, find the most probable parameter regions, and uncover trends not easy to find from standard fits. Further, NAVanalysis can compare different approaches and models.

[ascl:2307.046] HAYASHI: Halo-level AnalYsis of the Absorption Signal in HI

HAYASHI (Halo-level AnalYsis of the Absorption Signal in HI) computes the number of absorption features of the 21cm forest using a semianalytic formalism. It includes the enhancement of the signal due to the presence of substructures within minihalos and supports non-standard cosmologies with impact in the large scale structure, such as warm dark matter and primordial black holes. HAYASHI is written in Python3 and uses the cosmological computations package Colossus (ascl:1501.016).

[ascl:2307.047] GWDALI: Gravitational wave parameter estimation

GWDALI focuses on parameter estimations of gravitational waves generated by compact object coalescence (CBC). This software employs both Gaussian (Fisher Matrix) and Beyond-Gaussian methods to approximate the likelihood of gravitational wave events. GWDALI also addresses the challenges posed by Fisher Matrices with zero determinants. Additionally, the Beyond-Gaussian approach incorporates the Derivative Approximation for Likelihoods (DALI) algorithm, enabling a more reliable estimation process.

[ascl:2307.048] NaMaster: Unified pseudo-Cl framework

NaMaster computes full-sky angular cross-power spectra of masked, spin-0 and spin-2 fields with an arbitrary number of known contaminants using a pseudo-Cl (aka MASTER) approach. The code also implements E/B-mode purification and offers both full-sky and flat-sky modes. NaMaster is available as a C library, Python module, and standalone program.

[ascl:2307.049] reMASTERed: Calculate contributions to pseudo-Cl for maps with correlated masks

reMASTERed reconstructs ensemble-averaged pseudo-$C_\ell$ to effectively exact precision, with significant improvements over traditional estimators for cases where the map and mask are correlated. The code can compute the results given an arbitrary map and mask; it can also compute the results in the ensemble average for certain types of threshold masks.

[ascl:2307.050] νHawkHunter: Forecasting of PBH neutrinos

νHawkHunter explores the prospects of detecting neutrinos produced by the evaporation of primordial black holes in ground-based experiments. It makes use of neutrino fluxes from Hawking radiation computed with BlackHawk (ascl:2012.020). νHawkHunter is also be used for Diffuse Supernova Neutrino Background or similar studies by replacing the signal fluxes by the proper ones.

[ascl:2307.051] WeakLensingQML: Quadratic Maximum Likelihood estimator applied to Weak Lensing

WeakLensingQML implements the Quadratic Maximum Likelihood (QML) estimator and applies it to simulated cosmic shear data and compares the results to a Pseudo-Cl implementation. The package computes and saves relevant data files for later processes, such as the fiduciary cosmic shear power spectrum used in the analysis, the sky mask, and computing an analytic version of the QML's covariance matrix. The core of the package implements a conjugate-gradient approach for the quadratic estimator, and is parallelized for maximum performance. The code relies on the Eigen linear algebra package and the HealPix spherical harmonic transform library. A post-processing script analyzes the results and compares the QML's estimates with those from the Pseudo-Cl estimator; it then produces an array of plots highlighting the results.

[ascl:2307.052] EVo: Thermodynamic magma degassing model

EVo calculates the speciation and volume of a volcanic gas phase erupting in equilibrium with its parent magma. Models can be run to calculate the gas phase in equilibrium with a melt at a single pressure, or the melt can be decompressed from depth rising to the surface as a closed-system case. Single pressure and decompression can be run for OH, COH, SOH, COHS and COHSN systems. EVo can calculate gas phase weight and volume fraction within the system, gas phase speciation as mole fraction or weight fraction across numerous compounds, and the volatile content of the melt at each pressure. It also calculates melt density, f02 of the system, and more. EVo can be set up using either melt volatile contents, or for a set amount of atomic volatile which is preferable for conducting experiments over a wide range of fO2 values.

[ascl:2307.053] EVolve: Growth and evolution of volcanically-derived atmospheres

EVolve calculates the chemical composition and surface pressure of a ID atmosphere on a rocky planet that is being produced by volcanic activity, as it grows over time. Once the initial volatile content of the planet's mantle and the composition and resultant surface pressure of any pre-existing atmosphere is set, the volcanic degassing model EVo (ascl:2307.052) calculates the amount and speciation of any volcanic gases released into the atmosphere over each time step. Atmospheric processing is calculated using FastChem (ascl:1804.025); thermochemical equilibrium is assumed so the final chemical composition of the atmosphere is calculated according to the pre-set surface temperature.

[submitted] backtrack: fit relative motion of candidate direct imaging sources with background proper motion and parallax

Directly imaged planet candidates (high contrast point sources near bright stars) are often validated, among other supporting lines of evidence, by comparing their observed motion against the projected motion of a background source due to the proper motion of the bright star and the parallax motion due to the Earth's orbit. Often, the "background track" is constructed assuming an interloping point source is at infinity and has no proper motion itself, but this assumption can fail, producing false positive results, for crowded fields or insufficient observing time-baselines (e.g. Nielsen et al. 2017). `backtrack` is a tool for constructing background proper motion and parallax tracks for validation of high contrast candidates. It can produce classical infinite distance, stationary background tracks, but was constructed in order to fit finite distance, non-stationary tracks using nested sampling (and can be used on clusters). The code sets priors on parallax based on the relations in Bailer-Jones et al. 2021 that are fit to Gaia eDR3 data, and are therefore representative of the galactic stellar density. The public example currently reproduces the results of Nielsen et al. 2017 and Wagner et al. 2022, demonstrating that the motion of HD 131399A "b" is fit by a finite distance, non-stationary background star, but the code has been tested and validated on proprietary datasets. The code is open source, available on github, and additional contributions are welcome.

[ascl:2307.054] LEFTfield: Forward modeling of cosmological density fields

LEFTfield forward models cosmological matter density fields and biased tracers of large-scale structure. The model, written in C++ code, is centered around classes encapsulating scalar, vector, and tensor grids. It includes the complete bias expansion at any order in perturbations and captures general expansion histories without relying on the EdS approximation; however, the latter is also implemented and results in substantially smaller computational demands. LEFTfield includes a subset of the nonlinear higher-derivative terms in the bias expansion of general tracers.

[ascl:2307.055] plan-net: Bayesian neural networks for exoplanetary atmospheric retrieval

plan-net uses machine learning with an ensemble of Bayesian neural networks for atmospheric retrieval; this approach yields greater accuracy and more robust uncertainties than a single model. A new loss function for BNNs learns correlations between the model outputs. Performance is improved by incorporating domain-specific knowledge into the machine learning models and provides additional insight by inferring the covariance of the retrieved atmospheric parameters.

[ascl:2307.056] HELA: Random Forest retrieval for exoplanet atmospheres

HELA performs atmospheric retrieval on exoplanet atmospheres using a Random Forest algorithm. The code has two stages: training (which includes testing), and predicting. It requires a training set that matches the format of the data to be analyzed, with the same number of points and a sample spectrum for each parameter. The number of trees used and the number of jobs are editable. The HELA package includes a training set and data as examples.

[ascl:2307.057] species: Atmospheric characterization of directly imaged exoplanets

species (spectral characterization and inference for exoplanet science) provides a coherent framework for spectral and photometric analysis of directly imaged exoplanets and brown dwarfs which builds on publicly-available data and models from various resources. species contains tools for grid and free retrievals using Bayesian inference, synthetic photometry, interpolating a variety atmospheric and evolutionary model grids (including the possibility to add a custom grid), color-magnitude and color-color diagrams, empirical spectral analysis, spectral and photometric calibration, and analysis of emission lines.

[ascl:2307.058] APOLLO: Radiative transfer and atmosphere spectroscopic retrieval for exoplanets

APOLLO forward models the radiative transfer of light through a planetary (or brown dwarf) atmosphere; it also forward models transit and emission spectra and retrieves atmospheric properties of extrasolar planets. The code has two operational modes: one to compute a planetary spectrum given a set of parameters, and one to retrieve those parameters based on an observed spectrum. The package uses emcee (ascl:1303.002) to find the best fit to a spectrum for a given parameter set. APOLLO is modular and offers many options that may be turned on and off, including the type of observations, a flexible molecular composition, multiple cloud prescriptions, multiple temperature-pressure profile prescriptions, multiple priors, and continuum normalization.

[ascl:2307.059] orbitN: Symplectic integrator for near-Keplerian planetary systems

orbitN generates accurate and reproducible long-term orbital solutions for near-Keplerian planetary systems with a dominant mass M0. The code focuses on hierarchical systems without close encounters but can be extended to include additional features. Among other features, the package includes M0's quadrupole moment, a lunar contribution, and post-Newtonian corrections (1PN) due to M0 (fast symplectic implementation). To reduce numerical roundoff errors, orbitN features Kahan compensated summation.

[ascl:2307.060] MBASC: Multi-Band AGN-SFG Classifier

MBASC (Multi-Band AGN-SFG Classifier) classifies sources as Active Galactic Nuclei (AGNs) and Star Forming Galaxies (SFGs). The algorithm is based on the light gradient-boosting machine ML technique. MBASC can use a wide range of multi-wavelength data and redshifts to predict a classification for sources.

[ascl:2307.061] connect: COsmological Neural Network Emulator of CLASS using TensorFlow

connect (COsmological Neural Network Emulator of CLASS using TensorFlow) emulates cosmological parameters using neural networks. This includes both sampling of training data and training of the actual networks using the TensorFlow library. connect aids in cosmological parameter inference by immensely speeding up the process, which is achieved by substituting the cosmological Einstein-Boltzmann solver codes, needed for every evaluation of the likelihood, with a neural network with a 102 to 103 times faster evaluation time. The code requires CLASS (ascl:1106.020) and Monte Python (ascl:1307.002) if iterative sampling is used.

[ascl:2307.062] FABADA: Non-parametric noise reduction using Bayesian inference

FABADA (Fully Adaptive Bayesian Algorithm for Data Analysis) performs non-parametric noise reduction using Bayesian inference. It iteratively evaluates possible smoothed models of the data to estimate the underlying signal that is statistically compatible with the noisy measurements. Iterations stop based on the evidence E and the χ2 statistic of the last smooth model, and the expected value of the signal is computed as a weighted average of the smooth models. Though FABADA was written for astronomical data, such as spectra (1D) or images (2D), it can be used as a general noise reduction algorithm for any one- or two-dimensional data; the only requisite of the input data is an estimation of its associated variance.

[ascl:2308.001] MOOG_SCAT: Scattering version of the MOOG Line Transfer Code

MOOG_SCAT, a redevelopment of the LTE radiative transfer code MOOG (ascl:1202.009), contains modifications that allow for the treatment of isotropic, coherent scattering in stars. MOOG_SCAT employs a modified form of the source function and solves radiative transfer with a short charactersitics approach and an acclerated lambda iteration scheme.

[ascl:2308.002] FLATW'RM: Finding flares in Kepler data using machine-learning tools

FLATW'RM (FLAre deTection With Ransac Method) detects stellar flares in light curves using a classical machine-learning method. The code tries to find a rotation period in the light curve and splits the data to detection windows. The light curve sections are fit with the robust fitting algorithm RANSAC (Random sample consensus); outlier points (flare candidates) above the pre-set detection level are marked for each section. For the given detection window, only those flare candidates that have at least a given number of consecutive points (three by default) are kept and marked as flares. When using FLATW’RM, the code's output should be checked to determine whether changes to the default settings are needed to account for light curve noise, data sampling frequency, and scientific needs.

[ascl:2308.003] SIMBI: 3D relativistic gas dynamics code

SIMBI simulates heterogeneous relativistic gas dynamics up to 3d for special relativistic hydrodynamics and up to 2D Newtonian hydrodynamics. It supports user-defined mesh expansion and contraction, density, momentum, and energy density terms outside of grid; the code also supports source terms in the Euler equations and source terms at the boundaries. Boundary conditions, which include periodic, reflecting, outflow, and inflow boundaries, are given as an array of strings. If an inflow boundary condition is set but no inflow boundary source terms are given, SIMBI switches to outflow boundary conditions to prevent crashes. The code can track a single passive scalar, insert an immersed boundary, and is impermeable by default. SIMBI USES the Cython framework to blend together C++, CUDA, HIP, and Python.

[ascl:2308.004] AstroPhot: Fitting everything everywhere all at once in astronomical images

AstroPhot quickly extracts detailed information from complex astronomical data for individual images or large survey programs. It fits models for sky, stars, galaxies, PSFs, and more in a principled chi^2 forward optimization, recovering Bayesian posterior information and covariance of all parameters. The code optimizes forward models on CPU or GPU, across images that are large, multi-band, multi-epoch, rotated, dithered, and more. Models are optimized together, thus handling overlapping objects and including the covariance between parameters (including PSF and galaxy parameters). AstroPhot includes several optimization algorithms, including Levenberg-Marquardt, Gradient descent, and No-U-Turn MCMC sampling.

[ascl:2308.005] FastSpecFit: Fast spectral synthesis and emission-line fitting of DESI spectra

FastSpecFit models the observed-frame optical spectroscopy and broadband photometry of extragalactic targets using physically grounded stellar continuum and emission-line templates. The code handles data from the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) Survey, which is amassing spectrophotometry for an unprecedented 40 million extragalactic targets, although the algorithms are general enough to accommodate other upcoming, massively multiplexed spectroscopic surveys. FastSpecFit extracts nearly 800 observed- and rest-frame quantities from each target, including light-weighted ages and stellar velocity dispersions based on the underlying stellar continuum; line-widths, velocity shifts, integrated fluxes, and equivalent widths for nearly 40 rest-frame ultraviolet, optical, and near-infrared emission lines arising from both star formation and active galactic nuclear activity; and K-corrections and rest-frame absolute magnitudes and colors. Moreover, FastSpecFit is designed with speed and parallelism in mind, enabling it to deliver robust model fits to tens of millions of targets.

[ascl:2308.006] Nemo: Millimeter-wave map filtering and Sunyaev-Zel'dovich galaxy cluster and source detection

Nemo detects millimeter-wave Sunyaev-Zel'dovich galaxy clusters and compact sources. Originally developed for the Atacama Cosmology Telescope project, the code is capable of analyzing the next generation of deep, wide multifrequency millimeter-wave maps that will be produced by experiments such as the Simons Observatory. Nemo provides several modules for analyzing ACT/SO data in addition to the command-line programs provided in the package.

[ascl:2308.007] DiskMINT: Disk Model For INdividual Targets

DiskMINT (Disk Model for INdividual Targets) models individual disks and derives robust disk mass estimates. Built on RADMC-3D (ascl:1202.015) for continuum (and gas line) radiative transfer, the code includes a reduced chemical network to determine the C18O emission. DiskMINT has a Python3 module that generates a self-consistent 2D disk structure to satisfy VHSE (Vertical Hydrostatic Equilibrium). It also contains a Fortran code of the reduced chemical network that contains the main chemical processes necessary for C18O modeling: the isotopologue-selective photodissociation, and the grain-surface chemistry where the CO converting to CO2 ice is the main reaction.

[ascl:2308.008] Rapster: Rapid population synthesis for binary black hole mergers in dynamical environments

Rapster (RAPid cluSTER evolution) models binary black hole population synthesis and the evolution of star clusters based on simple, yet realistic prescriptions. The code can generate large populations of dynamically formed binary black holes. Rapster uses SEVN (ascl:2206.019) to model the initial black hole mass spectrum and PRECESSION (ascl:1611.004) to model the mass, spin, and gravitational recoil of merger remnants.

[ascl:2308.009] caput: Utilities for building radio astronomy data analysis pipelines

Caput (Cluster Astronomical Python Utilities) contains utilities for handling large datasets on computer clusters. Written with radio astronomy in mind, the package provides an infrastructure for building, managing and configuring pipelines for data processing. It includes modules for dynamically importing and utilizing mpi4py, in-memory mock-ups of h5py objects, and infrastructure for running data analysis pipelines on computer clusters. Caput features a generic container for holding self-documenting datasets in memory with straightforward syncing to h5py files, and offers specialization for holding time stream data. Caput also includes tools for MPI-parallel analysis and routines for converting between different time representations, dealing with leap seconds, and calculating celestial times.

[ascl:2308.010] BCemu: Model baryonic effects in cosmological simulations

BCMemu provides emulators to model the suppression in the power spectrum due to baryonic feedback processes. These emulators are based on the baryonification model, where gravity-only N-body simulation results are manipulated to include the impact of baryonic feedback processes. The package also has a three parameter barynification model; the first assumes all the three parameters to be independent of redshift while the second assumes the parameters to be redshift dependent.

[ascl:2308.011] glmnet: Lasso and elastic-net regularized generalized linear models

glmnet efficiently fits the entire lasso or elastic-net regularization path for linear regression (gaussian), multi-task gaussian, logistic and multinomial regression models (grouped or not), Poisson regression and the Cox model. The algorithm uses cyclical coordinate descent in a path-wise fashion.

[ascl:2308.012] KeplerFit: Keplerian velocity distribution model fitter

KeplerFit fits a Keplerian velocity distribution model to position-velocity (PV) data to obtain an estimate of the enclosed mass. The code extracts the scales of the pixels in both directions, spatial and spectral, then extracts the most extreme velocity at each position; this returns two arrays of positions and velocities. KeplerFit then models the extracted PV data and returns a set of the best-fit parameters, the standard deviations in each of the parameters, and the total residual of the fit.

[ascl:2308.013] Driftscan: Drift scan telescope analysis

Driftscan simulates and analyzes transit radio interferometers, with a particular focus on 21cm cosmology. Given a design of a telescope, it generates a set of products used to analyze data from it and simulate timestreams. Driftscan also constructs a filter to extract cosmological 21 cm emission from astrophysical foregrounds, such as our galaxy and radio point sources, and estimates the 21cm power spectrum using an optimal quadratic estimator.

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