Results 901-950 of 3572 (3481 ASCL, 91 submitted)

[ascl:1904.004]
ehtim: Imaging, analysis, and simulation software for radio interferometry

Chael, Andrew A.; Bouman, Katherine L.; Johnson, Michael D.; Narayan, Ramesh; Doeleman, Sheperd S.; Wardle, John F. C.; Blackburn, Lindy L.; Akiyama, Kazunori; Wielgus, Maciek; Chan, Chi-kwan; Farah, Joseph R.; Palumbo, Daniel; Pesce, Dominic

ehtim (eht-imaging) simulates and manipulates VLBI data and produces images with regularized maximum likelihood methods. The package contains several primary classes for loading, simulating, and manipulating VLBI data. The main classes are the Image, Array, Obsdata, Imager, and Caltable classes, which provide tools for loading images and data, producing simulated data from realistic u-v tracks, calibrating, inspecting, and plotting data, and producing images from data sets in various polarizations using various data terms and regularizers.

[ascl:2106.038]
ehtplot: Plotting functions for the Event Horizon Telescope

ehtplot creates publication quality, elegant, and consistent plots. Written for the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) Collaboration, it provides a set of easy-to-use plotting functions for EHT and Very-Long-Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) specific figures. This includes plotting visibility and images for both synthetic and real data, adding uv-tracks to the plots, and adding the expected event horizon size to the plots, among other functions.

[submitted]
Eidein: Interactive Visualization Tool for Deep Active Learning

Eidein interactively visualizes a data sample for the selection of an informative (contains data with high predictive uncertainty, is diverse, but not redundant) data subsample for deep active learning. The data sample is projected to 2-D with a dimensionality reduction technique. It is visualized in an interactive scatter plot that allows a human expert to select and annotate the data subsample.

[ascl:2305.015]
EIDOS: Modeling primary beams of radio astronomy antennas

EIDOS models the primary beam of radio astronomy antennas. The code can be used to create MeerKAT L-band beams from both holographic (AH) observations and EM simulations within a maximum diameter of 10 degrees. The beam model is less accurate at higher frequencies, and performs much better below 1400 MHz. The diagonal terms of the model beam Jones matrix are much better known than the off-diagonal terms. The performance of EIDOS is dependent on the quality of the given AH and EM datasets; as more accurate AH models and EM simulations become available, this pipeline can be used to create more accurate sparse representation of primary beams using Zernike polynomials.

[ascl:2101.017]
Eigentools: Tools for studying linear eigenvalue problems

Eigentools is a set of tools for studying linear eigenvalue problems. The underlying eigenproblems are solved using Dedalus (ascl:1603.015), which provides a domain-specific language for partial differential equations. Eigentools extends Dedalus's EigenvalueProblem object and provides automatic rejection of unresolved eigenvalues, simple plotting of specified eigenmodes and of spectra, and computation of $\epsilon$-pseudospectra for any Differential-Algebraic Equations with user-specifiable norms. It includes tools to find critical parameters for linear stability analysis and is able to project eigenmode onto 2- or 3-D domain for visualization. It can also output projected eigenmodes as Dedalus-formatted HDF5 file to be used as initial conditions for Initial Value Problems, and provides simple plotting of drift ratios (both ordinal and nearest) to evaluate tolerance for eigenvalue rejection.

[ascl:1904.013]
EightBitTransit: Calculate light curves from pixel grids

EightBitTransit calculates the light curve of any pixelated image transiting a star and inverts a light curve to recover the "shadow image" that produced it.

[ascl:1102.014]
Einstein Toolkit for Relativistic Astrophysics

The Einstein Toolkit is a collection of software components and tools for simulating and analyzing general relativistic astrophysical systems. Such systems include gravitational wave space-times, collisions of compact objects such as black holes or neutron stars, accretion onto compact objects, core collapse supernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursts.

The Einstein Toolkit builds on numerous software efforts in the numerical relativity community including CactusEinstein, Whisky, and Carpet. The Einstein Toolkit currently uses the Cactus Framework as the underlying computational infrastructure that provides large-scale parallelization, general computational components, and a model for collaborative, portable code development.

[ascl:2012.026]
EinsteinPy: General Relativity and gravitational physics problems solver

Bapat, Shreyas; Saha, Ritwik; Bhatt, Bhavya; Jain, Shilpi; Jain, Akshita; Ortín Vela, Sofía; Khandelwal, Priyanshu; Shivottam, Jyotirmaya; Ma, Jialin; Ng, Gim Seng; Kerhalkar, Pratyush; Sudam Sarode, Hrishikesh; Sharma, Rishi; Gupta, Manvi; Gupta, Divya; Tyagi, Tushar; Rustagi, Tanmay; Singh, Varun; Bansal, Saurabh; Tayal, Naman Manhas, Abhijeet; Reyna, Raphael; Kumar, Gaurav; Dixit, Govind; Kumar, Ratin; Mishra, Sashank; Jamgade, Alpesh; Singh, Raahul; Sanjay, Rohit; Shaikh, Khalid; Vidyarthi, Bhavam; Nayak K, Shamanth R; Gandham, Vineet; Vashistha, Nimesh; Das, Arnav; Saurabh; Kalvankar, Shreyas; Tarone, Ganesh; Mangat, Atul; Garg, Suyog; Gautam, Bibek; Srinivasan, Sitara; Gautam, Aayush; Singh, Swaastick Kumar; Salampuria, Suyash; Yauney, Zac; Gupte, Nihar; Shenoy, Gagan; Chan, Micky Yun

EinsteinPy performs General Relativity and gravitational physics tasks, including geodesics plotting for Schwarzschild, Kerr and Kerr Newman space-time models, calculation of Schwarzschild radius, and calculation of event horizon and ergosphere for Kerr space-time. It can perform symbolic manipulations of various tensors such as Metric, Riemann, Ricci and Christoffel symbols. EinsteinPy also features hypersurface embedding of Schwarzschild space-time, and includes other utilities and functions. It is a community-developed package and is written in Python.

[ascl:1904.022]
eleanor: Extracted and systematics-corrected light curves for TESS-observed stars

Feinstein, Adina D.; Montet, Benjamin T.; Foreman-Mackey, Daniel; Bedell, Megan E.; Saunders, Nicholas; Bean, Jacob L.; Christiansen, Jessie L.; Hedges, Christina; Luger, Rodrigo; Scolnic, Daniel; Cardoso, Jose Vinicius de Miranda

eleanor extracts target pixel files from TESS Full Frame Images and produces systematics-corrected light curves for any star observed by the TESS mission. eleanor takes a TIC ID, a Gaia source ID, or (RA, Dec) coordinates of a star observed by TESS and returns, as a single object, a light curve and accompanying target pixel data. The process can be customized, allowing, for example, examination of intermediate data products and changing the aperture used for light curve extraction. eleanor also offers tools that make it easier to work with stars observed in multiple TESS sectors.

[submitted]
EleFits

EleFits is a modern C++ package to read and write FITS files which focuses on safety, user-friendliness, and performance.

[ascl:2108.015]
ELISa: Eclipsing binaries Learning Interactive System

ELISa models light curves of close eclipsing binaries. It models surfaces of detached, semi-detached, and over-contact binaries, generates light curves, and generates stellar spots with given longitude, latitude, radius, and temperature. It can also fit radial velocity curves and light curves via the implementation of the non-linear least squares method and also via Markov Chain Monte Carlo method.

[submitted]
ELISA: Efficient Library for Spectral Analysis in High-Energy Astrophysics

Xue, Wang-Chen; Xiong, Shao-Lin; Li, Xiao-Bo; Xie, Sheng-Lun; Zheng, Chao; Zhang, Yan-Qiu; Liu, Jia-Cong

ELISA is a Python library designed for efficient spectral modeling and robust statistical inference. With user-friendly interface, ELISA streamlines the spectral analysis workflow.

The modeling framework of ELISA is flexible, allowing users to construct complex models by combining models of ELISA and XSPEC, as well as custom models. Parameters across different model components can also be linked. The models can be fitted to the spectral datasets using either Bayesian or maximum likelihood approaches. For Bayesian fitting, ELISA incorporates advanced Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithms, including the No-U-Turn Sampler (NUTS), nested sampling, and affine-invariant ensemble sampling, to tackle the posterior sampling problem. For maximum likelihood estimation (MLE), ELISA includes two robust algorithms: the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm and the Migrad algorithm from Minuit. The computation backend is based on Google's JAX, a high-performance numerical computing library, which can reduce the runtime for fitting procedures like MCMC, thereby enhancing the efficiency of analysis.

After fitting, goodness-of-fit assessment can be done with a single function call, which automatically conducts posterior predictive checks and leave-one-out cross-validation for Bayesian models, or parametric bootstrap for MLE. These methods offer greater accuracy and reliability than traditional fit-statistic/dof measures, and thus better model discovery capability. For comparing multiple candidate models, ELISA provides robust Bayesian tools such as the Widely Applicable Information Criterion (WAIC) and the Leave-One-Out Information Criterion (LOOIC), which are more reliable than AIC or BIC. Thanks to the object-oriented design, collecting the analysis results should be simple. ELISA also provide visualization tools to generate ready-for-publication figures.

ELISA is an open-source project and community contributions are welcome and greatly appreciated.

[ascl:1603.016]
ellc: Light curve model for eclipsing binary stars and transiting exoplanets

ellc analyzes the light curves of detached eclipsing binary stars and transiting exoplanet systems. The model represents stars as triaxial ellipsoids, and the apparent flux from the binary is calculated using Gauss-Legendre integration over the ellipses that are the projection of these ellipsoids on the sky. The code can also calculate the fluxweighted radial velocity of the stars during an eclipse (Rossiter-McLaghlin effect). ellc can model a wide range of eclipsing binary stars and extrasolar planetary systems, and can enable the use of modern Monte Carlo methods for data analysis and model testing.

[ascl:1106.024]
ELMAG: Simulation of Electromagnetic Cascades

A Monte Carlo program for the simulation of electromagnetic cascades initiated by high-energy photons and electrons interacting with extragalactic background light (EBL) is presented. Pair production and inverse Compton scattering on EBL photons as well as synchrotron losses and deflections of the charged component in extragalactic magnetic fields (EGMF) are included in the simulation. Weighted sampling of the cascade development is applied to reduce the number of secondary particles and to speed up computations. As final result, the simulation procedure provides the energy, the observation angle, and the time delay of secondary cascade particles at the present epoch. Possible applications are the study of TeV blazars and the influence of the EGMF on their spectra or the calculation of the contribution from ultrahigh energy cosmic rays or dark matter to the diffuse extragalactic gamma-ray background. As an illustration, we present results for deflections and time-delays relevant for the derivation of limits on the EGMF.

[ascl:2212.022]
Elysium: Observing black hole accretion disks

Elysium creates an observing screen at the desirable distance away from a black hole system. Observers set on every pixel of this screen then photograph the area toward the black hole - accretion disk system and report back what they record. This can be the accretion disk (incoming photons bring in radiation and thus energy), the black hole event horizon, or the empty space outside and beyond the system (there are no incoming photons or energy). The central black hole can be either Schwarzschild (nonrotating) or Kerr (rotating) by choice of the user.

[ascl:1203.006]
EMACSS: Evolve Me A Cluster of StarS

The star cluster evolution code Evolve Me A Cluster of StarS (EMACSS) is a simple yet physically motivated computational model that describes the evolution of some fundamental properties of star clusters in static tidal fields. The prescription is based upon the flow of energy within the cluster, which is a constant fraction of the total energy per half-mass relaxation time. According to Henon's predictions, this flow is independent of the precise mechanisms for energy production within the core, and therefore does not require a complete description of the many-body interactions therein. Dynamical theory and analytic descriptions of escape mechanisms is used to construct a series of coupled differential equations expressing the time evolution of cluster mass and radius for a cluster of equal-mass stars. These equations are numerically solved using a fourth-order Runge-Kutta integration kernel; the results were benchmarked against a data base of direct N-body simulations. EMACSS is publicly available and reproduces the N-body results to within ~10 per cent accuracy for the entire post-collapse evolution of star clusters.

[ascl:2106.029]
EMBERS: Experimental Measurement of BEam Responses with Satellites

EMBERS provides a modular framework for radio telescopes and interferometric arrays such as the MWA, HERA, and the upcoming SKA-Low to accurately measure the all sky polarized beam responses of their antennas using weather and communication satellites. This tool enables astronomers and system engineers, all over the world, to characterize the in-situ antenna beam patterns of large arrays with ease.

[ascl:1303.002]
emcee: The MCMC Hammer

Foreman-Mackey, Daniel; Conley, Alex; Meierjurgen Farr, Will; Hogg, David W.; Lang, Dustin; Marshall, Phil; Price-Whelan, Adrian; Sanders, Jeremy; Zuntz, Joe

emcee is an extensible, pure-Python implementation of Goodman & Weare's Affine Invariant Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) Ensemble sampler. It's designed for Bayesian parameter estimation. The algorithm behind emcee has several advantages over traditional MCMC sampling methods and has excellent performance as measured by the autocorrelation time (or function calls per independent sample). One advantage of the algorithm is that it requires hand-tuning of only 1 or 2 parameters compared to $sim N^2$ for a traditional algorithm in an N-dimensional parameter space. Exploiting the parallelism of the ensemble method, emcee permits any user to take advantage of multiple CPU cores without extra effort.

[ascl:2109.006]
eMCP: e-MERLIN CASA pipeline

The e-MERLIN CASA Pipeline calibrates and processes data from the e-MERLIN radio interferometer. It works on top of CASA (ascl:1107.013) and can convert, concatenate, prepare, flag and calibrate raw to produce advanced calibrated products for both continuum and spectral line data. The main outputs of the data are calibration tables, calibrated data, assessment plots, preliminary images of target and calibrator sources and a summary weblog. The pipeline provides an easy, ready-to-use toolkit that delivers calibrated data in a consistent, clear, and repeatable way. A parameters file is used to control the pipeline execution, so optimization of the algorithms is straightforward and reproducible. Good quality images are usually obtained with minimum human intervention.

[ascl:1910.006]
EMERGE: Empirical ModEl for the foRmation of GalaxiEs

Emerge (Empirical ModEl for the foRmation of GalaxiEs) populates dark matter halo merger trees with galaxies using simple empirical relations between galaxy and halo properties. For each model represented by a set of parameters, it computes a mock universe, which it then compares to observed statistical data to obtain a likelihood. Parameter space can be explored with several advanced stochastic algorithms such as MCMC to find the models that are in agreement with the observations.

[ascl:1201.004]
emGain: Determination of EM gain of CCD

The determination of the EM gain of the CCD is best done by fitting the histogram of many low-light frames. Typically, the dark+CIC noise of a 30ms frame itself is a sufficient amount of signal to determine accurately the EM gain with about 200 512x512 frames. The IDL code emGain takes as an input a cube of frames and fit the histogram of all the pixels with the EM stage output probability function. The function returns the EM gain of the frames as well as the read-out noise and the mean signal level of the frames.

[ascl:1708.027]
empiriciSN: Supernova parameter generator

empiriciSN generates realistic supernova parameters given photometric observations of a potential host galaxy, based entirely on empirical correlations measured from supernova datasets. It is intended to be used to improve supernova simulation for DES and LSST. It is extendable such that additional datasets may be added in the future to improve the fitting algorithm or so that additional light curve parameters or supernova types may be fit.

[ascl:1010.018]
Emu CMB: Power spectrum emulator

Emu CMB is a fast emulator the CMB temperature power spectrum based on CAMB (ascl:1102.026, Jan 2010 version). Emu CMB is based on a "space-filling" Orthogonal Array Latin Hypercube design in a de-correlated parameter space obtained by using a fiducial WMAP5 CMB Fisher matrix as a rotation matrix. This design strategy allows for accurate interpolation with small numbers of simulation design points. The emulator presented here is calibrated with 100 CAMB runs that are interpolated over the design space using a global quadratic polynomial fit.

[ascl:1109.012]
EnBiD: Fast Multi-dimensional Density Estimation

We present a method to numerically estimate the densities of a discretely sampled data based on a binary space partitioning tree. We start with a root node containing all the particles and then recursively divide each node into two nodes each containing roughly equal number of particles, until each of the nodes contains only one particle. The volume of such a leaf node provides an estimate of the local density and its shape provides an estimate of the variance. We implement an entropy-based node splitting criterion that results in a significant improvement in the estimation of densities compared to earlier work. The method is completely metric free and can be applied to arbitrary number of dimensions. We use this method to determine the appropriate metric at each point in space and then use kernel-based methods for calculating the density. The kernel-smoothed estimates were found to be more accurate and have lower dispersion. We apply this method to determine the phase-space densities of dark matter haloes obtained from cosmological N-body simulations. We find that contrary to earlier studies, the volume distribution function v(f) of phase-space density f does not have a constant slope but rather a small hump at high phase-space densities. We demonstrate that a model in which a halo is made up by a superposition of Hernquist spheres is not capable in explaining the shape of v(f) versus f relation, whereas a model which takes into account the contribution of the main halo separately roughly reproduces the behaviour as seen in simulations. The use of the presented method is not limited to calculation of phase-space densities, but can be used as a general purpose data-mining tool and due to its speed and accuracy it is ideally suited for analysis of large multidimensional data sets.

[ascl:2105.014]
encore: Efficient isotropic 2-, 3-, 4-, 5- and 6-point correlation functions

Philcox, Oliver H. E.; Slepian, Zachary; Hou, Jiamin; Warner, Craig; Cahn, Robert N.; Eisenstein, Daniel J.

encore (Efficient *N*-point Correlator Estimation) estimates the isotropic NPCF multipoles for an arbitrary survey geometry in *O*(*N*^{2}) time, with optional GPU support. The code features support for the isotropic 2PCF, 3PCF, 4PCF, 5PCF and 6PCF, with the option to subtract the Gaussian 4PCF contributions at the estimator level. For the 4PCF, 5PCF and 6PCF algorithms, the runtime is dominated by sorting the spherical harmonics into bins, which has complexity *O*(*N*_galaxy x *N*_bins^{3} x *N*_ell^{5}) [4PCF], *O*(*N*_galaxy x N_bins^{4} x N_ell^{8}) [5PCF] or *O*(*N*_galaxy x *N*_bins^{5} x *N*_ell^{11}) [6PCF]. The higher-point functions are slow to compute unless *N*_bins and *N*_ell are small.

[ascl:1706.007]
encube: Large-scale comparative visualization and analysis of sets of multidimensional data

Vohl, Dany; Barnes, David G.; Fluke, Christopher J.; Poudel, Govinda; Georgiou-Karistianis, Nellie; Hassan, Amr H.; Benovitski, Yuri; Wong, Tsz Ho; Kaluza, Owen; Nguyen, Toan D.; Bonnington, C. Paul

Encube is a qualitative, quantitative and comparative visualization and analysis framework, with application to high-resolution, immersive three-dimensional environments and desktop displays, providing a capable visual analytics experience across the display ecology. Encube includes mechanisms for the support of: 1) interactive visual analytics of sufficiently large subsets of data; 2) synchronous and asynchronous collaboration; and 3) documentation of the discovery workflow. The framework is modular, allowing additional functionalities to be included as required.

[ascl:1501.008]
Enrico: Python package to simplify Fermi-LAT analysis

Enrico analyzes Fermi data. It produces spectra (model fit and flux points), maps and lightcurves for a target by editing a config file and running a python script which executes the Fermi science tool chain.

[ascl:1912.015]
ENTERPRISE: Enhanced Numerical Toolbox Enabling a Robust PulsaR Inference SuitE

ENTERPRISE (Enhanced Numerical Toolbox Enabling a Robust PulsaR Inference SuitE) is a pulsar-timing analysis code which performs noise analysis, gravitational-wave searches, and timing model analysis. It uses Tempo2 (ascl:1210.015) to find the maximum-likelihood fit for the timing parameters and the basis of the fit for the red noise parameters if they are significant.

[ascl:1010.072]
Enzo: AMR Cosmology Application

O'Shea, Brian W.; Bryan, Greg; Bordner, James; Norman, Michael L.; Abel, Tom; Harkness, Robert; Kritsuk, Alexei

Enzo is an adaptive mesh refinement (AMR), grid-based hybrid code (hydro + N-Body) which is designed to do simulations of cosmological structure formation. It uses the algorithms of Berger & Collela to improve spatial and temporal resolution in regions of large gradients, such as gravitationally collapsing objects. The Enzo simulation software is incredibly flexible, and can be used to simulate a wide range of cosmological situations with the available physics packages.

Enzo has been parallelized using the MPI message-passing library and can run on any shared or distributed memory parallel supercomputer or PC cluster. Simulations using as many as 1024 processors have been successfully carried out on the San Diego Supercomputing Center's Blue Horizon, an IBM SP.

[ascl:2012.007]
EOS: Equation of State for planetary impacts

EOS is an analytical equation of state which models high pressure theory and fits well to the experimental data of ∊-Fe, SiO2, Mg2SiO4, and the Earth. The cold part of the EOS is modeled after the Varpoly EOS. The thermal part is based on a new formalism of the Gruneisen parameter, which improves behavior from earlier models and bridges the gap between elasticity and thermoelasticity. The EOS includes an expanded state model, which allows for the accurate modeling of material vapor curves.

[ascl:2101.008]
EphemMatch: Ephemeris matching of DR25 TCEs, KOIs, and EBs for false positive identification

EphemMatch reads in the period, epoch, positional, and other information of all the Kepler DR25 TCEs, as well as the cumulative KOI list, and lists of EBs from the Kepler Eclipsing Binary Working Group (http://keplerebs.villanova.edu) as well as several catalogs of EBs known from ground-based surveys. The code then performs matching to identify two different objects that have a statistically identical period and epoch (within some tolerance) and perform logic to identify which is the real source (the parent) and which is a false positive due to contamination from the parent (a child).

[ascl:1511.021]
EPIC: E-field Parallel Imaging Correlator

E-field Parallel Imaging Correlator (EPIC), a highly parallelized Object Oriented Python package, implements the Modular Optimal Frequency Fourier (MOFF) imaging technique. It also includes visibility-based imaging using the software holography technique and a simulator for generating electric fields from a sky model. EPIC can accept dual-polarization inputs and produce images of all four instrumental cross-polarizations.

[ascl:2104.007]
EPIC5: Lindblad orbits in ovally perturbed potentials

EPIC5 computes positions, velocities and densities along closed orbits of interstellar matter, including frictional forces, in a galaxy with an arbitrary perturbing potential. Radial velocities are given for chosen lines of sight. These are analytic gas orbits in an arbitrary rotating galactic potential using the linear epicyclic approximation

[ascl:1302.005]
EPICS: Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System

EPICS is a set of software tools and applications developed collaboratively and used to create distributed soft real-time control systems for scientific instruments such as particle accelerators and telescopes. Such distributed control systems typically comprise tens or even hundreds of computers, networked together to allow communication between them and to provide control and feedback of the various parts of the device from a central control room, or even remotely over the internet. EPICS uses Client/Server and Publish/Subscribe techniques to communicate between the various computers. A Channel Access Gateway allows engineers and physicists elsewhere in the building to examine the current state of the IOCs, but prevents them from making unauthorized adjustments to the running system. In many cases the engineers can make a secure internet connection from home to diagnose and fix faults without having to travel to the site.

EPICS is used by many facilities worldwide, including the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory, Fermilab, Keck Observatory, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Brazilian Synchrotron Light Source, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Australian Synchrotron, and Stanford Linear Accellerator Center.

[ascl:1909.013]
EPOS: Exoplanet Population Observation Simulator

EPOS (Exoplanet Population Observation Simulator) simulates observations of exoplanet populations. It provides an interface between planet formation simulations and exoplanet surveys such as Kepler. EPOS can also be used to estimate planet occurrence rates and the orbital architectures of planetary systems.

[ascl:1204.017]
epsnoise: Pixel noise in ellipticity and shear measurements

epsnoise simulates pixel noise in weak-lensing ellipticity and shear measurements. This open-source python code can efficiently create an intrinsic ellipticity distribution, shear it, and add noise, thereby mimicking a "perfect" measurement that is not affected by shape-measurement biases. For theoretical studies, we provide the Marsaglia distribution, which describes the ratio of normal variables in the general case of non-zero mean and correlation. We also added a convenience method that evaluates the Marsaglia distribution for the ratio of moments of a Gaussian-shaped brightness distribution, which gives a very good approximation of the measured ellipticity distribution also for galaxies with different radial profiles. We provide four shear estimators, two based on the ε ellipticity measure, two on χ. While three of them are essentially plain averages, we introduce a new estimator which requires a functional minimization.

[ascl:1802.016]
eqpair: Electron energy distribution calculator

eqpair computes the electron energy distribution resulting from a balance between heating and direct acceleration of particles, and cooling processes. Electron-positron pair balance, bremstrahlung, and Compton cooling, including external soft photon input, are among the processes considered, and the final electron distribution can be hybrid, thermal, or non-thermal.

[ascl:2102.009]
EqTide: Equilibrium Tide calculations

EqTide calculates the evolution of 2 bodies experiencing tidal evolution according to the "equilibrium tide" framework's "constant-phase-lag" and "constant-time-lag" models. The input file contains a list of options that can be set, as well as output parameters that print to a file during an integration. The example input files provide a guide for the syntax and grammar of EqTide.

[ascl:1603.005]
EQUIB: Atomic level populations and line emissivities calculator

Howarth, I. D.; Adams, S.; Clegg, R. E. S.; Ruffle, D. P.; Liu, X.-W.; Pritchet, C. J.; Ercolano, B.

The Fortran program EQUIB solves the statistical equilibrium equation for each ion and yields atomic level populations and line emissivities for given physical conditions, namely electron temperature and electron density, appropriate to the zones in an ionized nebula where the ions are expected to exist.

[ascl:2401.020]
escatter: Electron scattering in Python

Brennan, S. J.; Schulze, S.; Lunnan, R.; Sollerman, J.; Yan, L.; Fransson, C.; Irani, I.; Melinder, J.; Chen, T. W.; De, K.; Fremling, C.; Kim, Y. L.; Perley, D.; Pessi, P. J.; Drake, A. J.; Graham, M. J.; Laher, R. R.; Masci, F. J.; Purdum, J.; Rodriguez, H.

escatter.py performs Monte Carlo simulations of electron scattering events. The code was developed to better understand the emission lines from the interacting supernova SN 2021adxl, specifically the blue excess seen in the Hα 6563A emission line. escatter follows a photon that was formed in a thin interface between the supernova ejecta and surrounding material as it travels radially outwards through the dense material, scattering electrons outwards until it reaches an optically thin region, and plots a histogram of the emergent photons.

[ascl:1302.017]
ESO-MIDAS: General tools for image processing and data reduction

The ESO-MIDAS system provides general tools for image processing and data reduction with emphasis on astronomical applications including imaging and special reduction packages for ESO instrumentation at La Silla and the VLT at Paranal. In addition it contains applications packages for stellar and surface photometry, image sharpening and decomposition, statistics, data fitting, data presentation in graphical form, and more.

[ascl:1504.003]
EsoRex: ESO Recipe Execution Tool

EsoRex (ESO Recipe Execution Tool) lists, configures, and executes Common Pipeline Library (CPL) (ascl:1402.010) recipes from the command line. Its features include automatically generating configuration files, recursive recipe-path searching, command line and configuration file parameters, and recipe product naming control, among many others.

[ascl:1405.017]
ESP: Extended Surface Photometry

ESP (Extended Surface Photometry) determines the photometric properties of galaxies and other extended objects. It has applications that detect flatfielding faults, remove cosmic rays, median filter images, determine image statistics and local background values, perform galaxy profiling, fit 2-D Gaussian profiles to galaxies, generate pie slice cross-sections of galaxies, and display profiling results. It is distributed as part of the Starlink software collection (ascl:1110.012).

[ascl:2306.055]
ESSENCE: Evaluate spatially correlated noise in interferometric images

ESSENCE (Evaluating Statistical Significance undEr Noise CorrElation) evaluates the statistical significance of image analysis and signal detection under correlated noise in interferometric images (*e.g.*, ALMA, NOEMA). It measures the noise autocorrelation function (ACF) to fully characterize the statistical properties of spatially correlated noise in the interferometric image, computes the noise in the spatially integrated quantities (*e.g.*, flux, spectrum) with a given aperture, and simulates noise maps with the same correlation property. ESSENSE can also construct a covariance matrix from noise ACF, which can be used for a 2d image or 3d cube model fitting.

[ascl:1305.001]
ESTER: Evolution STEllaire en Rotation

The ESTER code computes the steady state of an isolated star of mass larger than two solar masses. The only convective region computed as such is the core where isentropy is assumed. ESTER provides solutions of the partial differential equations, for the pressure, density, temperature, angular velocity and meridional velocity for the whole volume. The angular velocity (differential rotation) and meridional circulation are computed consistently with the structure and are driven by the baroclinic torque. The code uses spectral methods, both radially and horizontally, with spherical harmonics and Chebyshev polynomials. The iterations follow Newton's algorithm. The code is object-oriented and is written in C++; a python suite allows an easy visualization of the results. While running, PGPLOT graphs are displayed to show evolution of the iterations.

[submitted]
Estimating photo-z of quasars based on a cross-modal contrastive learning method

MMLPhoto-z is a cross-modal contrastive learning approach for estimating photo-z of quasars. This method employs adversarial training and contrastive loss functions to promote the mutual conversion between multi-band photometric data features (magnitude, color) and photometric image features, while extracting modality-invariant features.

[ascl:2208.018]
EstrellaNueva: Expected rates of supernova neutrinos calculator

EstrellaNueva calculates expected rates of supernova neutrinos in detectors. It provides a link between supernova simulations and the expected events in detectors by calculating fluences and event rates in order to ease any comparison between theory and observation. The software is a standalone tool for exploring many physics scenarios, and offers an option to add analytical cross sections and define any target material.

[ascl:1311.012]
ETC: Exposure Time Calculator

Hirata, Christopher M.; Gehrels, Neil; Kneib, Jean-Paul; Kruk, Jeffrey; Rhodes, Jason; Wang, Yun; Zoubian, Julien

Written for the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST) high-latitude survey, the exposure time calculator (ETC) works in both imaging and spectroscopic modes. In addition to the standard ETC functions (e.g. background and S/N determination), the calculator integrates over the galaxy population and forecasts the density and redshift distribution of galaxy shapes usable for weak lensing (in imaging mode) and the detected emission lines (in spectroscopic mode). The program may be useful outside of WFIRST but no warranties are made regarding its suitability for general purposes. The software is available for download; IPAC maintains a web interface for those who wish to run a small number of cases without having to download the package.

[ascl:1307.018]
ETC++: Advanced Exposure-Time Calculations

ETC++ is a exposure-time calculator that considers the effect of cosmic rays, undersampling, dithering, and imperfect pixel response functions. Errors on astrometry and galaxy shape measurements can be predicted as well as photometric errors.

[ascl:2406.014]
EVA: Excess Variability-based Age

EVA (Excess Variability-based Age) computes the VarX values and VarX90 ages for a given list of stars. The package retrieves information from Gaia, performs basic var90 calculations, then calculates the age of the group in a given band or overall (by combining all three bands). EVA then analyzes and plots the results.

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