Results 1251-1300 of 3450 (3361 ASCL, 89 submitted)

[ascl:1011.010]
Global Sky Model (GSM): A Model of Diffuse Galactic Radio Emission from 10 MHz to 100 GHz

de Oliveira-Costa, Angelica; Tegmark, Max; Gaensler, B. M.; Jonas, Justin; Landecker, T. L.; Reich, Patricia

Understanding diffuse Galactic radio emission is interesting both in its own right and for minimizing foreground contamination of cosmological measurements. Cosmic Microwave Background experiments have focused on frequencies > 10 GHz, whereas 21 cm tomography of the high redshift universe will mainly focus on < 0.2 GHz, for which less is currently known about Galactic emission. Motivated by this, we present a global sky model derived from all publicly available total power large-area radio surveys, digitized with optical character recognition when necessary and compiled into a uniform format, as well as the new Villa Elisa data extending the 1.4 GHz map to the entire sky. We quantify statistical and systematic uncertainties in these surveys by comparing them with various global multi-frequency model fits. We find that a principal component based model with only three components can fit the 11 most accurate data sets (at 10, 22, 45 & 408 MHz and 1.4, 2.3, 23, 33, 41, 61, 94 GHz) to an accuracy around 1%-10% depending on frequency and sky region. The data compilation and software returning a predicted all-sky map at any frequency from 10 MHz to 100 GHz are publicly available in the archive file at the link below.

[ascl:2104.028]
globalemu: Global (sky-averaged) 21-cm signal emulation

globalemu emulates the Global or sky averaged 21-cm signal and the associated neutral fraction history. The code can train a network on your own Global 21-cm signal or neutral fraction simulations using the built-in globalemu pre-processing techniques. It also features a GUI that can be invoked from the command line and used to explore how the structure of the Global 21-cm signal varies with the values of the astrophysical inputs.

[ascl:2109.018]
GLoBES: General Long Baseline Experiment Simulator

GLoBES simulates long baseline neutrino oscillation experiments. The package features full incorporation of correlations and degeneracies in the oscillation parameter space, advanced routines for the treatment of arbitrary systematical errors, and user-defined priors, which allowsn for the inclusion of arbitrary external physical information. Its use of AEDL, the Abstract Experiment Definition Language, provides an easy way to define experimental setups. GLoBES also provides an interface for the simulation of non-standard physics, and offers predefined setups for many experiments, including Superbeams, Beta Beams, Neutrino factories, Reactors, and various detector technologies.

[ascl:1807.019]
GLS: Generalized Lomb-Scargle periodogram

The Lomb-Scargle periodogram is a common tool in the frequency analysis of unequally spaced data equivalent to least-squares fitting of sine waves. GLS is a solution for the generalization to a full sine wave fit, including an offset and weights (χ2 fitting). Compared to the Lomb-Scargle periodogram, GLS is superior as it provides more accurate frequencies, is less susceptible to aliasing, and gives a much better determination of the spectral intensity.

[ascl:1402.002]
Glue: Linked data visualizations across multiple files

Glue, written in Python, links visualizations of scientific datasets across many files, allowing for interactive, linked statistical graphics of multiple files. It supports many file formats including common image formats (jpg, tiff, png), ASCII tables, astronomical image and table formats (FITS, VOT, IPAC), and HDF5. Custom data loaders can also be easily added. Glue is highly scriptable and extendable.

[ascl:1710.015]
GMCALab: Generalized Morphological Component Analysis

GMCALab solves Blind Source Separation (BSS) problems from multichannel/multispectral/hyperspectral data. In essence, multichannel data provide different observations of the same physical phenomena (e.g. multiple wavelengths), which are modeled as a linear combination of unknown elementary components or sources. Written as a set of Matlab toolboxes, it provides a generic framework that can be extended to tackle different matrix factorization problems.

[ascl:1708.013]
GMM: Gaussian Mixture Modeling

GMM (Gaussian Mixture Modeling) tests the existence of bimodality in globular cluster color distributions. GMM uses three indicators to distinguish unimodal and bimodal distributions: the kurtosis of the distribution, the separation of the peaks, and the probability of obtaining the same χ2 from a unimodal distribution.

[ascl:2001.015]
gnm: The MCMC Jagger

gnm is an implementation of the affine-invariant sampler for Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) that uses the Gauss-Newton-Metropolis (GNM) Algorithm. The GNM algorithm is specialized in sampling highly non-linear posterior probability distribution functions of the form exp(-||f(x)||^2/2). The code includes dynamic hyper-parameter optimization to increase performance of the sampling; other features include the Jacobian tester and an error bars creator.

[ascl:1801.009]
Gnuastro: GNU Astronomy Utilities

Gnuastro (GNU Astronomy Utilities) manipulates and analyzes astronomical data. It is an official GNU package of a large collection of programs and C/C++ library functions. Command-line programs perform arithmetic operations on images, convert FITS images to common types like JPG or PDF, convolve an image with a given kernel or matching of kernels, perform cosmological calculations, crop parts of large images (possibly in multiple files), manipulate FITS extensions and keywords, and perform statistical operations. In addition, it contains programs to make catalogs from detection maps, add noise, make mock profiles with a variety of radial functions using monte-carlo integration for their centers, match catalogs, and detect objects in an image among many other operations. The command-line programs share the same basic command-line user interface for the comfort of both the users and developers. Gnuastro is written to comply fully with the GNU coding standards and integrates well with all Unix-like operating systems. This enables astronomers to expect a fully familiar experience in the source code, building, installing and command-line user interaction that they have seen in all the other GNU software that they use. Gnuastro's extensive library is included for users who want to build their own unique programs.

[ascl:2011.016]
GoFish: Molecular line detections in protoplanetary disks

GoFish exploits the known rotation of a protoplanetary disk to shift all emission to a common line center in order to stack them, increasing the signal-to-noise of the spectrum, detecting weaker lines, or super-sampling the spectrum to better resolve the line profile.

[ascl:1210.003]
GOSSIP: SED fitting code

GOSSIP fits the electro-magnetic emission of an object (the SED, Spectral Energy Distribution) against synthetic models to find the simulated one that best reproduces the observed data. It builds-up the observed SED of an object (or a large sample of objects) combining magnitudes in different bands and eventually a spectrum; then it performs a chi-square minimization fitting procedure versus a set of synthetic models. The fitting results are used to estimate a number of physical parameters like the Star Formation History, absolute magnitudes, stellar mass and their Probability Distribution Functions.

[ascl:2005.011]
gotetra: Cosmic velocity fields tracking through the use of tetrahedra

gotetra uses phase-space tesselation techniques to extract information about cosmological N-body simulations. The key applications of this Go-based code are the measurement of splashback shells around halos and the generation of high resolution images of density fields. The package includes routines to generates 3D and 2D (projected) density fields from a particle snapshot generated by a cosmological N-body simulation, measure density along lines of sight from the center of halos, and compresse the position space data from cosmological N-body simulations. Included are two helper libraries with functions for calculating cosmological quantities and computing a number of useful mathematical functions.

[ascl:2011.008]
GOTHIC: Double nuclei galaxy detector

GOTHIC (Graph-bOosTed iterated HIll Climbing) detects whether a given image of a galaxy has characteristic features of a double nuclei galaxy (DNG). Galaxy interactions and mergers play a crucial role in the hierarchical growth of structure in the universe; galaxy mergers can lead to the formation of elliptical galaxies and larger disk galaxies, as well as drive galaxy evolution through star formation and nuclear activity. During mergers, the nuclei of the individual galaxies come closer and finally form a double nuclei galaxy. Although mergers are common, the detection of double-nuclei galaxies (DNGs) is rare and fairly serendipitous. Their properties can help us understand the formation of supermassive black hole (SMBH) binaries, dual active galactic nuclei (DAGN) and the associated feedback effects. GOTHIC provides an automatic and systematic way to survey data for the discovery of double nuclei galaxies.

[ascl:1210.001]
GP2PCF: Brute-force computation of 2-point correlation functions

The two-point correlation function is a simple statistic that quantifies the clustering of a given distribution of objects. In studies of the large scale structure of the Universe, it is an important tool containing information about the matter clustering and the evolution of the Universe at different cosmological epochs. A classical application of this statistic is the galaxy-galaxy correlation function to find constraints on the parameter Omega_m or the location of the baryonic acoustic oscillation peak. This calculation, however, is very expensive in terms of computer power and Graphics Processing Units provide one solution for efficient analysis of the increasingly larger galaxy surveys that are currently taking place.

GP2PCF is a public code in CUDA for performing this computation; with a single GPU board it is possible to achieve 120-fold speedups with respect to a standard implementation in C running on a single CPU. With respect to other solutions such as k-trees the improvement is of a factor of a few retaining full precision. The speedup is comparable to running in parallel in a cluster of O(100) cores.

[ascl:1512.006]
GPC: General Polygon Clipper library

The University of Manchester GPC library is a flexible and highly robust polygon set operations library for use with C, C#, Delphi, Java, Perl, Python, Haskell, Lua, VB.Net and other applications. It supports difference, intersection, exclusive-or and union clip operations, and polygons may be comprised of multiple disjoint contours. Contour vertices may be given in any order - clockwise or anticlockwise, and contours may be convex, concave or self-intersecting, and may be nested (i.e. polygons may have holes). Output may take the form of either polygon contours or tristrips, and hole and external contours are differentiated in the result. GPC is free for non-profit and educational use; a Commercial Use License is required for commercial use.

Internet Archive link provided for archival purposes; per its website, GPC is no longer distributed or available as of August 2020.

[ascl:2011.022]
GPCAL: Instrumental polarization calibration in VLBI data

GPCAL performs instrumental polarization calibration in very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) data. It enhances the calibration accuracy by enabling users to fit the model to multiple calibrators data simultaneously and to take into account the calibrators linear polarization structures instead of using the conventional similarity assumption. GPCAL is based on AIPS (ascl:9911.003) and uses ParselTongue (ascl:1208.020) to run AIPS tasks.

[ascl:2303.006]
GPCC: Gaussian process cross-correlation for time delay estimation

Gaussian Process Cross-Correlation (GPCC) uses Gaussian processes to estimate time delays for reverberation mapping (RM) of Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN). This statistically principled model delivers a posterior distribution for the delay and accounts for observational noise and the non-uniform sampling of the light curves. Written in Julia, GPCC quantifies the uncertainty and propagates it to subsequent calculations of dependent physical quantities, such as black hole masses. The code delivers out-of-sample predictions, which enables model selection, and can calculate the joint posterior delay for more than two light curves. Though written for RM, the software can also be applied to other fields where cross-correlation analysis is performed.

[ascl:2109.023]
gphist: Cosmological expansion history inference using Gaussian processes

gphist performs Bayesian inference on the cosmological expansion history using Gaussian process priors. It is written in Python and includes driver programs to run inference calculations and plot the results. The code infers the cosmological expansion history using a Gaussian process prior, reads these ouputs, and performs checks to ensure they are indeed compatible. gphist then generates a single combined output file to plot expansion history inferences.

[ascl:1603.004]
gPhoton: Time-tagged GALEX photon events analysis tools

Written in Python, gPhoton calibrates and sky-projects the ~1.1 trillion ultraviolet photon events detected by the microchannel plates on the Galaxy Evolution Explorer Spacecraft (GALEX), archives these events in a publicly accessible database at the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST), and provides tools for working with the database to extract scientific results, particularly over short time domains. The software includes a re-implementation of core functionality of the GALEX mission calibration pipeline to produce photon list files from raw spacecraft data as well as a suite of command line tools to generate calibrated light curves, images, and movies from the MAST database.

[ascl:1411.018]
GPI Pipeline: Gemini Planet Imager Data Pipeline

The GPI data pipeline allows users to reduce and calibrate raw GPI data into spectral and polarimetric datacubes, and to apply various PSF subtraction methods to those data. Written in IDL and available in a compiled version, the software includes an integrated calibration database to manage reference files and an interactive data viewer customized for high contrast imaging that allows exploration and manipulation of data.

[ascl:2007.001]
GProtation: Measuring stellar rotation periods with Gaussian processes

GProtation measures stellar rotation periods with Gaussian processes.

This code is no longer being maintained. Please consider using celerite (ascl:1709.008) or exoplanet (ascl:1910.005) instead.

[ascl:2212.006]
GPry: Bayesian inference of expensive likelihoods with Gaussian processes

GPry efficiently obtains marginal quantities from computationally expensive likelihoods. It works best with smooth (continuous) likelihoods and posteriors that are slow to converge by other methods, which is dependent on the number of dimensions and expected shape of the posterior distribution. The likelihood should be low-dimensional (d<20 as a rule of thumb), though the code may still provide considerable improvements in speed in higher dimensions, despite an increase in the computational overhead of the algorithm. GPry is an alternative to samplers such as MCMC and Nested Sampling with a goal of speeding up inference in cosmology, though the software will work with any likelihood that can be called as a python function. It uses Cobaya's (ascl:1910.019) model framework so all of Cobaya's inbuilt likelihoods work, too.

[ascl:1403.001]
GPU-D: Generating cosmological microlensing magnification maps

GPU-D is a GPU-accelerated implementation of the inverse ray-shooting technique used to generate cosmological microlensing magnification maps. These maps approximate the source plane magnification patterns created by an ensemble of stellar-mass compact objects within a foreground macrolens galaxy. Unlike other implementations, GPU-D solves the gravitational lens equation without any approximation. Due to the high computational intensity and high degree of parallelization inherent in the algorithm, it is ideal for brute-force implementation on GPUs. GPU-D uses CUDA for GPU acceleration and require NVIDIA devices to run.

[ascl:1906.014]
GPUVMEM: Maximum Entropy Method (MEM) GPU algorithm for radio astronomical image synthesis

Cárcamo, Miguel; Muñoz, Nicolás; Rannou, Fernando; Román, Pablo; Casassus, Simón; Osses, Axel; Moral, Victor

The maximum entropy method (MEM) is a well known deconvolution technique in radio-interferometry. This method solves a non-linear optimization problem with an entropy regularization term. Other heuristics such as CLEAN are faster but highly user dependent. Nevertheless, MEM has the following advantages: it is unsupervised, it has a statistical basis, it has a better resolution and better image quality under certain conditions. GPUVMEM presents a high performance GPU version of non-gridding MEM.

[ascl:1010.022]
GR1D: Open-Source Code for Spherically-Symmetric Stellar Collapse to Neutron Stars and Black Holes

GR1D is based on the Eulerian formulation of GR hydrodynamics (GRHD) put forth by Romero-Ibanez-Gourgoulhon and employs radial-gauge, polar-slicing coordinates in which the 3+1 equations simplify substantially. GR1D is intended for the simulation of stellar collapse to neutron stars and black holes and will also serve as a testbed for modeling technology to be incorporated in multi-D GR codes. Its GRHD part is coupled to various finite-temperature microphysical equations of state in tabulated form that we make available with GR1D.

[ascl:1612.020]
Grackle: Chemistry and radiative cooling library for astrophysical simulations

Smith, Britton D.; Bryan, Greg L.; Glover, Simon C. O.; Goldbaum, Nathan J.; Turk, Matthew J.; Regan, John; Wise, John H.; Schive, Hsi-Yu; Abel, Tom; Emerick, Andrew; O'Shea, Brian W.; Anninos, Peter; Hummels, Cameron B.; Khochfar, Sadegh

The chemistry and radiative cooling library Grackle provides options for primordial chemistry and cooling, photo-heating and photo-ionization from UV backgrounds, and support for user-provided arrays of volumetric and specific heating rates for astrophysical simulations and models. The library provides functions to update chemistry species; solve radiative cooling and update internal energy; and calculate cooling time, temperature, pressure, and ratio of specific heats (gamma), and has interfaces for C, C++, Fortran, and Python codes.

[ascl:1010.080]
GRACOS: Scalable and Load Balanced P3M Cosmological N-body Code

The GRACOS (GRAvitational COSmology) code, a parallel implementation of the particle-particle/particle-mesh (P3M) algorithm for distributed memory clusters, uses a hybrid method for both computation and domain decomposition. Long-range forces are computed using a Fourier transform gravity solver on a regular mesh; the mesh is distributed across parallel processes using a static one-dimensional slab domain decomposition. Short-range forces are computed by direct summation of close pairs; particles are distributed using a dynamic domain decomposition based on a space-filling Hilbert curve. A nearly-optimal method was devised to dynamically repartition the particle distribution so as to maintain load balance even for extremely inhomogeneous mass distributions. Tests using $800^3$ simulations on a 40-processor beowulf cluster showed good load balance and scalability up to 80 processes. There are limits on scalability imposed by communication and extreme clustering which may be removed by extending the algorithm to include adaptive mesh refinement.

[ascl:1106.008]
GRAFIC-2: Multiscale Gaussian Random Fields for Cosmological Simulations

This paper describes the generation of initial conditions for numerical simulations in cosmology with multiple levels of resolution, or multiscale simulations. We present the theory of adaptive mesh refinement of Gaussian random fields followed by the implementation and testing of a computer code package performing this refinement called GRAFIC-2.

[ascl:1011.021]
GRALE: A genetic algorithm for the non-parametric inversion of strong lensing systems

We present a non-parametric technique to infer the projected-mass distribution of a gravitational lens system with multiple strong-lensed images. The technique involves a dynamic grid in the lens plane on which the mass distribution of the lens is approximated by a sum of basis functions, one per grid cell. We used the projected mass densities of Plummer spheres as basis functions. A genetic algorithm then determines the mass distribution of the lens by forcing images of a single source, projected back onto the source plane, to coincide as well as possible. Averaging several tens of solutions removes the random fluctuations that are introduced by the reproduction process of genomes in the genetic algorithm and highlights those features common to all solutions. Given the positions of the images and the redshifts of the sources and the lens, we show that the mass of a gravitational lens can be retrieved with an accuracy of a few percent and that, if the sources sufficiently cover the caustics, the mass distribution of the gravitational lens can also be reliably retrieved. A major advantage of the algorithm is that it makes full use of the information contained in the radial images, unlike methods that minimise the residuals of the lens equation, and is thus able to accurately reconstruct also the inner parts of the lens.

[ascl:1908.004]
Gramsci: GRAph Made Statistics for Cosmological Information

Gramsci (GRAph Made Statistics for Cosmological Information) computes the general N-point spatial correlation functions of any discrete point set embedded within an Euclidean space of ℝ^n. It uses kd-trees and graph databases to count all possible N-tuples in binned configurations within a given length scale, e.g. all pairs of points or all triplets of points with side lengths. Gramsci can run in serial, OpenMP, MPI and hybrid parallel schemes. It is useful for performing domain decomposition of input catalogs, especially if the catalogs are large or the Rmax value is too large.

[ascl:1812.011]
GRAND-HOD: GeneRalized ANd Differentiable Halo Occupation Distribution

GRAND-HOD (GeneRalized ANd Differentiable Halo Occupation Distribution) takes a generalized Halo Occupation Distribution (HOD) prescription as input and outputs the corresponding mock galaxy catalogs in binary files. The code is differentiable and incorporates various generalizations to the standard HOD. It is written for the Abacus simulations, but the main functionalities can be easily adapted for other halo catalogs with the appropriate properties.

[ascl:2010.005]
GRAPUS: GRAvitational instability PopUlation Synthesis

GRAPUS (GRAvitational instability PopUlation Synthesis) executes population synthesis modeling of self-gravitating disc fragmentation and tidal downsizing in protostellar discs. It reads in pre-run 1D viscous disc models of self-gravitating discs and computes where fragmentation will occur and the initial fragment mass. GRAPUS then allows these fragment embryos to evolve under various forces, including quasistatic collapse of the embryo, growth and sedimentation of the dust inside the embryo, and the formation of solid cores. The software also evolves migration due to embryo-disc interactions and tidal disruption of the embryo, and can optionally determine gravitational interactions with neighboring embryos.

[ascl:1204.006]
GRASIL: Spectral evolution of stellar systems with dust

GRASIL (which stands for GRAphite and SILicate) computes the spectral evolution of stellar systems taking into account the effects of dust, which absorbs and scatters optical and UV photons and emits in the IR-submm region. It may be used as well to do “standard” no-dust stellar spectral synthesis. The code is very well calibrated and applied to interpret galaxies at different redshifts. GRASIL can be downloaded or run online using the GALSYNTH WEB interface.

[ascl:1609.008]
GRASP: General-purpose Relativistic Atomic Structure Package

GRASP (General-purpose Relativistic Atomic Structure Package) calculates atomic structure, including energy levels, radiative rates (A-values) and lifetimes; it is a fully relativistic code based on the *jj* coupling scheme. This code has been superseded by GRASP2K (ascl:1611.007).

[ascl:1611.007]
GRASP2K: Relativistic Atomic Structure Package

GRASP2K is a revised and greatly expanded version of GRASP (ascl:1609.008) and is adapted for 64-bit computer architecture. It includes new angular libraries, can transform from *jj*- to *LSJ*-coupling, and coefficients of fractional parentage have been extended to *j*=9/2, making calculations feasible for the lanthanides and actinides. GRASP2K identifies each atomic state by the total energy and a label for the configuration state function with the largest expansion coefficient in *LSJLSJ* intermediate coupling.

[ascl:2110.011]
GRASS: GRanulation and Spectrum Simulator

Palumbo, Michael L., III; Ford, Eric B.; Wright, Jason T.; Mahadevan, Suvrath; Wise, Alexander W.; Löhner-Böttcher, Johannes

The Julia library GRASS produces realistic stellar spectra with time-variable granulation signatures. It is based on real observations of the Sun, and does not rely on magnetohydrodynamic simulations to produce its spectra. GRASS can also compute bisectors for absorption lines or CCF profiles, and provides two methods for calculating bisectors.

[ascl:1902.004]
GraviDy: Gravitational Dynamics

GraviDy performs N-body 3D visualizations; it is a GPU, direct-summation N-body integrator based on the Hermite scheme and includes relativistic corrections for sources of gravitational radiation. The software is modular, allowing users to readily introduce new physics, and exploits available computational resources. The software can be used in parallel on multiple CPUs and GPUs, with a considerable speed-up benefit. The single-GPU version is between one and two orders of magnitude faster than the single-CPU version.

[ascl:1102.003]
GRAVLENS: Computational Methods for Gravitational Lensing

Modern applications of strong gravitational lensing require the ability to use precise and varied observational data to constrain complex lens models. Two sets of computational methods for lensing calculations are discussed. The first is a new algorithm for solving the lens equation for general mass distributions. This algorithm makes it possible to apply arbitrarily complicated models to observed lenses. The second is an evaluation of techniques for using observational data including positions, fluxes, and time delays of point-like images, as well as maps of extended images, to constrain models of strong lenses. The techniques presented here are implemented in a flexible and user-friendly software package called gravlens, which is made available to the community.

[ascl:2312.009]
GravSphere: Jeans modeling code

Read, J. I.; Steger, P.; Walker, M. G.; Genina, A.; Frenk, C. S.; Cole, S.; Benítez-Llambay, A.; Ludlow, A. D.; Navarro, J. F.; Oman, K. A.; Robertson, A.; Collins, M. L. M.; Ibata, R. A.; Rich, R. M.; Martin, N. F.; Peñarrubia, J.; Chapman, S. C.; Tollerud, E. J.; Weisz, D. R.

The non-parametric Jeans code GravSphere models discrete data and can be used to model dark matter distributions in galaxies. It can also recover the density ρ(r) and velocity anisotropy β(r) of spherical stellar systems, assuming only that they are in a steady state. Real or mock data are prepared by using the included binulator.py code; the repository also includes many examples for exploring the GravSphere's capabilities.

[ascl:1403.005]
GRay: Massive parallel ODE integrator

GRay is a massive parallel ordinary differential equation integrator that employs the "stream processing paradigm." It is designed to efficiently integrate billions of photons in curved spacetime according to Einstein's general theory of relativity. The code is implemented in CUDA C/C++.

[ascl:2306.039]
GRChombo: Numerical relativity simulator

Andrade, Tomas; Salo, Llibert; Aurrekoetxea, Josu; Bamber, Jamie; Clough, Katy; Croft, Robin; de Jong, Eloy; Drew, Amelia; Duran, Alejandro; Ferreira, Pedro; Figueras, Pau; Finkel, Hal; França, Tiago; Ge, Bo-Xuan; Gu, Chenxia; Helfer, Thomas; Jäykkä, Juha; Joana, Cristian; Kunesch, Markus; Kornet, Kacper; Lim, Eugene; Muia, Francesco; Nazari, Zainab; Radia, Miren; Ripley, Justin; Shellard, Paul; Sperhake, Ulrich; Traykova, Dina; Tunyasuvunakool, Saran; Wang, Zipeng; Widdicombe, James; Wong, Kaze

GRChombo performs numerical relativity simulations. It uses Chombo (ascl:1202.008) for adaptive mesh refinement and can evolve standard spacetimes such as binary black hole mergers and scalar collapses into black holes. The code supports non-trivial *many-boxes-in-many-boxes* mesh hierarchies and massive parallelism and evolves the Einstein equation using the standard BSSN formalism. GRChombo is written in C++14 and uses hybrid MPI/OpenMP parallelism and vector intrinsics to achieve good performance.

[submitted]
Green Bank Observatory Gridder

A stand-alone spectral gridder and imager for the Green Bank Telescope, as well as functionality for any diameter telescope. Based around the cygrid package from Benjamin Winkel and Daniel Lenz

[ascl:2312.014]
GRFolres: Extension to GRChombo for modified gravity simulations

Aresté Saló, Llibert; Brady, Sam E.; Clough, Katy; Doneva, Daniela; Evstafyeva, Tamara; Figueras, Pau; França, Tiago; Rossi, Lorenzo; Yao, Shunhui; Andrade, Tomas; Aurrekoetxea, Josu; Bamber, Jamie; Croft, Robin; de Jong, Eloy; Drew, Amelia; Duran, Alejandro; Ferreira, Pedro; Finkel, Hal; Ge, Bo-Xuan; Gu, Chenxia; Helfer, Thomas; Jäykkä, Juha; Joana, Cristian; Kunesch, Markus; Kornet, Kacper; Lim, Eugene; Muia, Francesco; Nazari, Zainab; Radia, Miren; Ripley, Justin; Shellard, Paul; Sperhake, Ulrich; Traykova, Dina; Tunyasuvunakool, Saran; Wang, Zipeng; Widdicombe, James; Wong, Kaze

GRFolres performs simulations in modified theories of gravity. It is based on GRChombo (ascl:2306.039) and inherits all of the capabilities of the main GRChombo code, which makes use of the Chombo library (ascl:1202.008) for adaptive mesh refinement. The code implements the 4∂ST theory of modified gravity and the cubic Horndeski theory in (3+1)-dimensional numerical relativity. GRFolres can be used for stable gauge evolution, solving the modified energy and momentum constraints for initial conditions, and monitoring the constraint violation and calculating the energy densities associated with the different scalar terms in the action. It can also extract data for the tensor and scalar gravitational waveforms.

[ascl:2305.022]
GrGadget: Evolve metric perturbations in the weak field limit

GrGadget merges the Particle-Mesh (PM) relativistic GEVOLUTION code (ascl:1608.014) with the TreePM GADGET-4 code (ascl:2204.014) to create a TreePM simulation code that represents metric perturbations at the scales where they are relevant while resolving non-linear structures. The better resolution of the highly non-linear regime improves the representation of the relativistic fields sampled on the mesh with respect to PM-only simulations.

[ascl:1302.007]
GRID-core: Gravitational Potential Identification of Cores

GRID-core is a core-finding method using the contours of the local gravitational potential to identify core boundaries. The GRID-core method applied to 2D surface density and 3D volume density are in good agreement for bound cores. We have implemented a version of the GRID-core algorithm in IDL, suitable for core-finding in observed maps. The required input is a two-dimensional FITS file containing a map of the column density in a region of a cloud.

[ascl:1702.012]
GRIM: General Relativistic Implicit Magnetohydrodynamics

GRIM (General Relativistic Implicit Magnetohydrodynamics) evolves a covariant extended magnetohydrodynamics model derived by treating non-ideal effects as a perturbation of ideal magnetohydrodynamics. Non-ideal effects are modeled through heat conduction along magnetic field lines and a difference between the pressure parallel and perpendicular to the field lines. The model relies on an effective collisionality in the disc from wave-particle scattering and velocity-space (mirror and firehose) instabilities. GRIM, which runs on CPUs as well as on GPUs, combines time evolution and primitive variable inversion needed for conservative schemes into a single step using only the residuals of the governing equations as inputs. This enables the code to be physics agnostic as well as flexible regarding time-stepping schemes.

[ascl:1912.013]
GriSPy: Fixed-radius nearest neighbors grid search in Python

Chalela, Martín; Sillero, Emanuel; Pereyra, Luis; Garcia, Mario A.; Cabral, Juan B.; Lares, Marcelo; Merchán, Manuel

GriSPy (Grid Search in Python) uses a regular grid search algorithm for quick fixed-radius nearest-neighbor lookup. It indexes a set of k-dimensional points in a regular grid providing a fast approach for nearest neighbors queries. Optional periodic boundary conditions can be provided for each axis individually. GriSPy implements three types of queries: *bubble*, *shell* and the *nth-nearest*, and offers three different metrics of interest in astronomy: the *Euclidean* and two distance functions in spherical coordinates of varying precision, *haversine* and *Vincenty*. It also provides a custom distance function. GriSPy is particularly useful for large datasets where a brute-force search is not practical.

[ascl:2112.021]
GRIT: Gravitational Rigid-body InTegrators for simulating coupled dynamics

GRIT (Gravitational Rigid-body InTegrators) simulaties the coupled dynamics of both spin and orbit of N gravitationally interacting rigid bodies. The code supports tidal forces and general relativity correction are supported, and multiple schemes with different orders of convergences and splitting strategies are available. Multiscale splittings boost the simulation speed, and force evaluations can be parallelized. In addition, each body can be set to be a rigid body or just a point mass, and the floating-point format can be customized as float, double, or long double globally.

[ascl:1905.001]
Grizli: Grism redshift and line analysis software

Grizli produces quantitative and comprehensive modeling and fitting of slitless spectroscopic observations, which typically involve overlapping spectra of hundreds or thousands of objects in exposures taken with one or more separate grisms and at multiple dispersion position angles. This type of analysis provides complete and uniform characterization of the spectral properties (e.g., continuum shape, redshifts, line fluxes) of all objects in a given exposure taken in the slitless spectroscopic mode.

[ascl:2310.012]
GRIZZLY: 1D radiative transfer code

GRIZZLY simulates reionization using a 1D radiative transfer scheme. The code enables the efficient exploration of the parameter space for evaluating 21cm brightness temperature fluctuations near the cosmic dawn. GRIZZLY builds upon the BEARS algorithm for generating simulated reionization maps with density and velocity fields, which are useful for profiling dark matter halos and cosmological density fields.

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